JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 890-910.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190417

• Experts Interviews • Previous Articles    

Discussions and thoughts of the path to China's rural revitalization in the new era: Notes of the young rural geography scholars

YANG Ren1(), WEN Qi2, WANG Cheng3, DU Guo-ming4, LI Bo-hua5, QU Yan-bo6, LI Hong-bo7, XU Jia-wei8, HE Yan-hua9, MA Li-bang10, LI Zhi11, QIAO Lu-yin12, CAO Zhi13, GE Da-zhuan7, TU Shuang-shuang14, CHEN Yang-fen15()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. School of Resources and Environment, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    3. School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    4. School of Resources and Environment, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
    5. College of City and Tourism, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, China
    6. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economic, Jinan 250014, China
    7. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    8. Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou 450046, China
    9. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    10. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
    11. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    12. China Urban-Rural Development Institute, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
    13. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    14. Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, the Ministry of Education, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530001, China
    15. Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2018-12-22 Revised:2019-03-01 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-20

Abstract:

The rural revitalization, as a national strategy in the new era, puts forward the requirements and goals of the thriving industry, pleasant living environments, social etiquette and civility, effective governance and prosperity. China is a country with a vast territory, marked by regional differences in resource and economic development levels. What's more, rural areas are complex, diverse, and have many problems. Rural revitalization is a systematic project with comprehensive, complex and regional characteristics. Sixteen young scholars in the field of rural geography across the country have conducted in-depth discussions and reflections on the scientific path of rural revitalization in China. The core points are as follows: (1) In accordance with the law of time-space distribution, we should fully understand the connection between the historical basis of rural development and the practical needs, establish a theoretical and technical system that highlights regional characteristics and has operability, and promote the transformation of rural residential environment, industrial system and governance mode in a classified and orderly manner. (2) Rural revitalization strives for the integration between urban and rural areas to build a compound multi-center network system, which breaks through the village and town systems of traditional linear "central place", and innovate the spatial organization mode of "village cluster". Rural endogenous force, urban radiation force and planning binding force jointly drive rural revitalization. (3) The agriculture has multiple functions such as food safety, social stability, and ecological products. Its development needs to create the whole value chain of agriculture to promote the integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries. (4) In energy-rich areas, we should fundamentally solve the problem of unbalanced and inadequate rural development under the premise of ensuring the national energy security demand. In Southwest China, we should take advantage of ecology and human resources to build a modern agricultural industry system, remodel the brand of rural tourism, and build landscape rural homes. In Northeast China, rural revitalization must proceed in an orderly and classified way in the process of synergistic promotion of the "northeast revitalization" strategy. In the Yangtze River Delta region, it is necessary to cognize the evolutionary stages from rural industrialization to rural urbanization, and then to rural characteristics with more and more emphasis on the social, cultural and ecological construction of rural areas, seeking a scientific path of rural revitalization. In Northwest China, we propose to effectively improve the ability of "independent poverty alleviation" in rural areas under the premise of ecological protection, and realize the transformation from "transfusing blood" to "producing blood". In the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, oriented by equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas, we will promote the development of urban-rural integration and rural revitalization. In resource-oriented areas, rural industries will replace the industrial system formed around resource exploitation with an efficient agricultural system integrating primary, secondary and tertiary industries. In traditional agricultural areas, it is necessary to optimize the coupling pattern between farmland use transformation and rural labor structure change, which is an important means to achieve rural revitalization. In economically developed areas, villages with "mixed" characteristics need to activate the assets and capital attributes of rural land resources, promote the integration and activation of spatial order, and comprehensively explore the modern rural governance mode with the participation of multiple subjects.

Key words: rural revitalization, urban-rural integration, rural development, rural geography, China