JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 338-347.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190210

• Resource Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Chinese sustainable food consumption pattern based on ecological footprint model

LIN Yong-qin, QI Wei-hai, ZHU Qin   

  1. School of Management, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
  • Received:2018-08-23 Revised:2018-12-05 Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28


With the continuous diversification of people's dietary demand, sustainable food consumption has become a global concern. In order to explore sustainable food consumption patterns, this study first analyzed the evolutionary trend and characteristics of Chinese food consumption structure. The environmental stress tendency of Chinese food consumption was assessed by using the ecological footprint model. A measurement standard for dietary ecological carrying level was introduced based on the connotation of sustainable food consumption, Chinese balanced diet and environmental sustainability indicators. Then the study established a sustainable food consumption pattern that conforms to Chinese food consumption habits, meets the nutritional intake demand, and reduces sufficiently the environmental stress. The results show that the dietary environmental stress continued to increase in China. Per capita ecological footprint of Chinese food consumption increased by 154.49% from 1978 to 2013. Ecological deficit appeared in 2008 and it was 0.0705 ghm2 in 2013. Dietary ecological carrying level continued to deteriorate. Annual ecological carrying level dropped from "higher" to "medium" in 2008. The established sustainable food consumption pattern reduces per capita ecological footprint by 12.92%, which indicates that transforming food consumption pattern is the most effective way to solve the contradictory problem of dietary environmental stress.

Key words: ecological footprint, sustainable food consumption pattern, ecological carrying level, environmental stress