JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 301-311.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190207

• Resource Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Does economic globalization effectively inhibit the ecological footprint of countries along "The Belt and Road"?:Empirical evidence from the dynamic threshold panel model

NIE Ying1(), LIU Qing-jie2(), SUN Su-fen1   

  1. 1. Institute of Agricultural Information and Economics Beijing Academy of Agriulture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China
    2. Emerging Markets Institute, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2018-07-12 Revised:2018-11-26 Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28
  • Contact: LIU Qing-jie E-mail:nieying0508@163.com;liuqingjie@bnu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Using the panel threshold model proposed by Hansen, this paper empirically studies the nonlinear relationship between economic globalization and ecological footprint based on panel data of 55 countries along "The Belt and Road" from 1993 to 2013, with economic development level (per capita GDP) as the threshold variable. The results show that there are distinctive relations between economic globalization and ecological footprint divided by thresholds rather than a single linear relationship. In different ranges of thresholds, the influences of economic globalization on ecological footprint are different. When the economic development level is less than per capita ${$}$ 3905, the improvement of economic globalization can effectively reduce the ecological footprint; when the economic development level exceeds the first threshold of per capita ${$}$ 3905, its improvement has positive effect on the ecological footprint, but the coefficient is not significant; when it exceeds the second threshold of per capita ${$}$ 8778, its improvement will increase the ecological footprint significantly. Currently, countries along "The Belt and Road" are mainly concentrated in the first and third threshold interval, and the influence of economic globalization on the ecological footprint has a polarization trend. Attention should be given to the countries in the third threshold interval in the process of globalization, which is closely related to many aspects in sustainable development of globalization and "The Belt and Road Initiative".

Key words: countries along "The Belt and Road", ecological footprint, economic globalization, dynamic panel threshold model