JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 80-91.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20190107

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The potentialities and paths of China's carbon emission reduction based on the coordination of fairness and efficiency

Di ZHOU1(), Chu-peng ZHENG2, Shi-run HUA2, Yu-sen HUANG2   

  1. 1. Institute of Studies for the Great Bay Area, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
    2. School of Economics and Trade, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2018-06-25 Revised:2018-09-27 Online:2019-01-20 Published:2019-01-20

Abstract:

Studying the Chinese provincial carbon emission reduction potential and the path of emission reduction based on the coordinated perspective of fairness and efficiency is most significant to measuring the regional potential of carbon emission reduction and to formulating the regional carbon emission reduction path for China, so as to better promote the development of green low carbon economy. First, we measure the carbon reduction efficiency by the Super-SBM model, and measure the equity of regional carbon emissions by per capita carbon emissions. Then we calculate the carbon club convergence index of efficiency and fairness based on Markov model frame so as to analyze the importance of carbon reduction potential in China and the emphasis in carbon emissions. Then we recalculate the carbon emission potential of each province based on the coordinated principle of fairness and efficiency. Finally, the carbon emission reduction path is designed on the basis of the two dimensional matrix diagram of carbon emission fairness and efficiency based on the coordinated principle. The results show that: (1) The carbon club convergence degree of China's regional carbon emission efficiency is higher, and the curing problem of "long-term low efficiency" of carbon emissions is more serious than the "long-term unfair". (2) China's carbon emission potential is underestimated, which will affect the country's allocation of carbon rights and the sharing of emission reduction responsibility. (3) Based on the coordinated perspective of fairness and efficiency in carbon emissions, the 29 provincial-level administrative districts in the mainland of China fall into four categories. Policymakers should focus on supporting the regions of "low-efficiency & low-emission" type and improve the efficiency of their carbon emissions, so as to achieve carbon emission reduction under the coordinated perspective of fairness and efficiency.

Key words: carbon reduction potential, carbon reduction paths, Super-SBM, Markov chain model, club convergence index