JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 978-991.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20180216

• Special Forum of“Food Security” • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Structure and Characteristics of Food Consumption of Rural Households in Shandong Province Based on Household Tracking Survey

LI Yun-yun1, 2, WANG Ling-en1, LIU Xiao-jie1, CHENG Sheng-kui1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-03-12 Revised:2018-04-03 Online:2018-06-28 Published:2018-06-28
  • Supported by:
    National Youth Science Foundation, No. 41701620; National Key Research and Development Plan, No. 2016YFE0113100; Key Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. ZDBS-SSW-DQC. ]

Abstract: Food consumption is the basic content of household consumption. The study obtained the first-hand data of 207 rural households food consumption in Shandong Province which is one of the main grain producing areas in China by field research for three days tracking weighing based on stratified sampling nearly one month. The structure and characteristics of food consumption of rural households in typical areas of China at this stage are quantitatively analyzed and the characteristics of residents’ food consumption in different regions, income levels and family sizes are compared. The result indicated that: 1) Vegetables occupy the highest proportion (41.0%) in the food consumption of rural households in Shandong, while the main consumption of grain is flour and its products (59.0%) and the main consumption of meat is pork (71.9%). 2) In three cases, compared with Dezhou city and Weifang city, the consumption of non-grain food like drinks, cooking oil and condiments in Jinan city is higher while the consumption of grain is relatively lower; families with higher incomes consume less vegetables, flour and other grain, condiments and cooking oil and consume more meat, fruits, aquatic products and milk. Households with smaller populations consume more food per capita than larger households. 3) Comparing the proposed food intake data with the balanced pagoda recommended to Chinese residents by the Chinese Nutrition Society, we found that cooking oil and salt consumed by residents in rural areas in Shandong was slightly higher and consumption of milk and dairy products, aquatic products, eggs and fruits were obviously inadequate. Under the new era of rural revitalization background, improving the food consumption structure of rural residents and their nutrition level are the most basic and urgent tasks for improving living standards in rural areas. This study provides a reference for further improving the accurate acquisition of the basic data of Chinese residents’ food consumption needs and provides a scientific basis for the formulation of relevant policies.

Key words: consumption structure and characteristics, food consumption, quantitative measurement, rural area in Shandong Province

CLC Number: 

  • F126.1