JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 2046-2056.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20171129

• Review • Previous Articles    

Research Progress on the Relationship between Productivity and Biodiversity

ZHAO Feng-xia1, XU Ming2,3   

  1. 1.College of Geographical Sciences, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China;
    2.Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-10-25 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-20
  • Supported by:
    Shanxi Normal University Doctoral Startup Capital Program, No. 0505/02070257

Abstract: Productivity and biodiversity are two fundamental properties of ecosystems. However, there has been a long-running debate over their interrelationship and the mechanisms behind their relationship for decades. In this paper, the control experiments, meta-analysis and multi-site observation studies over the past decades for testing relationships between productivity and biodiversity and the mechanisms of their relationships are reviewed. It is found that the forms of productivity-biodiversity relationships mainly are: unimodal relationship, positive relationship, negative relationship, no relationship and U-shaped relationship. Besides, there is no general consensus about underlying mechanisms of their relationships. Meanwhile, both the relationships and the underlying mechanisms are strongly dependent on scales. These results illustrate that the productivity-biodiversity relationships are not a simple or direct causal relationship, but are driven by interconnected and multivariate ecological processes. Therefore, we should give up a fixation on bivariate patterns and adopt the approach of multivariate drivers to the problem of the biodiversity pattern in order to further strengthen our understanding of complex ecosystem processes and provide more meaningful guidance for conservation management.

Key words: biodiversity, multivariate drivers, productivity, review, unimodal relationship

CLC Number: 

  • Q148