JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 721-734.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20180317

• Expert’s Forum •     Next Articles

Strategic Thinking on the Security of Natural Resources of China in the New Era

SHEN Lei1,2,3, ZHANG Hong-li1,2, ZHONG Shuai1, HU Shu-han1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-03-17 Revised:2018-04-23 Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-05-20
  • Supported by:
    The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. XDA19040102; National Key Research and Development Program of China, No. 2016YFA0602802; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41771566 and 41501604.

Abstract: When socialism with Chinese characteristics enters a new era, the economy has been in a critical period of transforming and upgrading, and there is the new missions and new requirements for natural resources security. The newly established Ministry of Natural Resources brings new opportunities for the comprehensive management of natural resources in the new era. The time scale of the new era is over 30 years, and the medium-to-long-term strategy should be made based on a systemic summary of the change of natural resources in the past few decades and a strategic estimation of resources supply and demand in the future. To sum up, the following conclusions can be made: 1) It could be sure that the demand for water resources in China will continue rising and the pressure on the grain supply of arable land will be increasing, which will directly affect the well-being of the people’s livelihood. 2) The growing demands for all types of minerals have changed to differentiated demands for different types of minerals, and the overall demand for mineral resources will remain high. 3) The pressure on the wood supply of forest resources, which affects the construction of the modern economic system, will be aggravated. It is critical to resources security of China that we believe “Green waters and clear mountains are invaluable assets” and persist in saving resources and protecting the environment under the guideline of “ecological civilization strategy”. To enhance the comprehensive security and sustainable development capacity of China’s resources for the two centenary goals, we put forward the following suggestions: 1) paying close attention to the research on resources strategy and the top level planning in the new era, 2) implementing the stringent regulations of resources management and environment protection, 3) optimizing the structure of resources supply to serve the modernization and the needs of the people’s livelihood and accelerating technological innovation to expand the transforming value of the resource industry chain, 4) improving the efficiency of resource utilizing and promoting circular utilization of resources based on domestic efforts, and at the same time strengthening the international cooperation in the field of resources.

Key words: development trend, resource viewpoint, resources security, strategic choice, the new era

CLC Number: 

  • F205