JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 709-720.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20170498

• Comprehensive Discussion • Previous Articles    

Review and Prospect of Studies on the Dyke-Pond System

GU Xing-guo1, LOU Li-jing2, LIU Mou-cheng3, MIN Qing-wen3   

  1. 1. School of Environment & Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
    2. Economic Crops Technical Advising Station of Huzhou City, Huzhou 313000, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-05-24 Revised:2018-01-09 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-10
  • Supported by:
    Agricultural International Exchange and Cooperation Project in 2017 “Conservation of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) in China in 2017”;Guizhou Science and Technology Academician Station (2014), No. 4006.

Abstract: The Dyke-Pond System is a very creative way to make full use of lowland and an ecological circulating agriculture model, which had played an important role in the small-scale peasant economy in China. Since 1950s, Dyke-Pond System has gradually become the focus in research and attracted more attention at home and abroad. Combing and summarizing those research achievements can offer powerful support for protecting the relevant important agricultural heritage and developing modern ecological agriculture in China. This paper systematically reviews the literatures of Dyke-Pond System and introduces the researches on its concept and connotation, origin and development, structure and function, and application and dynamic protection. The analysis shows that there are more plentiful studies in Pearl River Delta than the studies in Taihu Lake Basin on the Dyke-Pond System. There exist disputes about the origin of Mulberry-Dyke & Fish-Pond in Taihu Lake Basin. The economic importance of Dyke-Pond System has degraded. Strengthening the research on its ecological service functions and heritage values is urgently needed. In order to conduct the dynamic protection and creative development of Dyke-Pond System, related researches on technique, management and policy are needed. This paper also proposes some suggestions for future studies. Firstly, it’s in need of more studies on ecological service functions of Dyke-Pond System and more systematically evaluation of the efficiency of Dyke-Pond System. Secondly, the studies on the dynamic protection and management of traditional Dyke-Pond System should be conducted from the perspective of agricultural heritage. Thirdly, it is also necessary to study in depth on the ecological mechanisms of Dyke-Pond System across multi-disciplines and compare the differences and similarities between the structures and functions of Dyke-Pond Systems in the Taihu Lake Basin and the Pearl River Delta. Finally, the research on the origin and evolution of Dyke-Pond System should also be further investigated in order to reinforce its significant role in the agriculture history both in China and in the world.

Key words: agricultural heritage, Dyke-Pond System, Mulberry-Dyke & Fish-Pond, Pearl River Delta, Tai Lake Basin, traditional agriculture

CLC Number: 

  • S181