JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 2012-2022.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20161418

• Resource Economics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Influence Factors and Ecological Compensation Standard of Winter Wheat-fallow in the Groundwater Funnel Area

XIE Hua-lina, b, c, CHENG Ling-juanb, c   

  1. a. Institute of Ecological Civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China;
    b. Research Center of Land Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China;
    c. Co-innovation Center of Institutional Construction for Jiangxi Eco-civilization,
  • Received:2016-12-20 Revised:2017-04-16 Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Fund of China Key Research Project, No.15AZD075; Academic and Technical Leaders Funding Program for Major Disciplines in Jiangxi Province, No.20172BCB22011

Abstract: In recent years, China has vigorously promoted the rehabilitation of cultivated land and the implementation of land fallow policy so as to enhance its land reclamation and guarantee the sustainable development of agriculture. The shortage of water resources has become an important factor restricting the economic and social development in North China. As one of the three pilot sites for fallow land cultivation in North China, the main goal is to fallow high-water-consumption winter wheat and achieve the “one fallow season and one rainy season” policy to reduce the amount of groundwater mining and repair the groundwater environment. Farmers, as the main production and management entities in rural areas, will undoubtedly influence the smooth implementation of policies by understanding and adapting the fallow policies. The winter wheat-fallow policy is a way to alleviate the shortage of water resources in North China. However, the effective implementation of the policy depends on the reasonable compensation to the farmers. This paper discusses the reasonableness of the ecological compensation standard for winter wheat-fallow in the groundwater funnel area in Hebei Province and the main factors affecting the farmer's willingness to fallow. The purpose is to provide theoretical basis for scientifically and rationally developing the rotation policy in the groundwater funnel area. A survey based on questionnaires was conducted, and then the opportunity cost method and Logistic model were used to analyze the willingness of farmers and the compensation standard. The results are as follows: 1) Farmer's educational level, the total number of agricultural labor force in a household, the dependency rate, the attitude of farmers towards winter wheat-fallow policy in the groundwater funnel area and the degree that the farmer's trust in government policy have significantly positive effect on farmer's willingness to fallow. 2) The number of days of participation in farming, cultivated land quality and per capita area of cultivated land have significantly negative effect on farmer's willingness to fallow. 3) Considering only the impact of winter wheat on groundwater, the proposed standard of compensation to farmers is 518 yuan/mu (7 770 yuan/hm2). Finally, this paper puts forward suggestions on how to formulate the compensation policy of winter wheat fallow in the groundwater funnel area, develop the green industry, transfer the surplus labor force, and propagate the fallow policy.

Key words: cultivated land, ecological compensation, groundwater funnel area, rotation policy, winter wheat-fallow

CLC Number: 

  • F323.2