JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 85-98.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20161212

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Research on the Spatial Structure and Complex Characteristics of Tourism Destination Network —A Case Study of Yesanpo Tourism Destination

GAO Ping1, 2, XI Jian-chao1, *   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-11-07 Revised:2017-03-13 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41671151.

Abstract:

Tourism destination is a complex adaptive system including many spatial elements which connect with each other composing tourism destination network. Complexity is the inevitable trend of the development of tourism destination network. Taking the Yesanpo tourism destination in Hebei Province as a case, this paper selects four types of tourism elements as the tourism nodes, which are core scenic spots, central towns, rural communities and characteristic gardens, to build the tourism destination network whose edges are the tourism connection strength. Based on the spatial analysis of TOP network, the paper analyzes the spatial structure of tourism destination network and its complexity characteristics. The results show that: 1) There is a hierarchical agglomeration phenomenon in the tourism destination network, which forms the spatial agglomeration units composed of core scenic spots, central towns, rural communities and characteristic gardens and has the dual characteristics of “adjacent connection” and “preferential connection”. 2) Yesanpo tourism destination network obeys power-law distribution, which shows the scale-free characteristic. 3) Compared with the random network, the Top3 and Top5 networks have smaller average path length and larger agglomeration coefficient, showing typical characteristics of “small world network”. 4) The tourist network is a typical heterogeneous network whose degree has a negative correlation, and it shows hierarchical properties since there is an approximate reciprocal relation between the agglomeration coefficient and the degree of nodes. The study also finds that the development model integrating scenic spots, towns, communities and gardens as basic structural unit is of great significance to guide spatial reconstruction of tourism destinations.

Key words: tourism destination network, complex network theory, agglomeration unit, Yesanpo

CLC Number: 

  • F592.7