JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 75-84.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20161207

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Food Consumption Patterns of Chinese Urban and Rural Residents Based on CHNS and Comparison with the Data of National Bureau of Statistics

XIN Liang-jie, LI Peng-hui   

  1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2016-11-04 Revised:2016-12-29 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41571095 and 91325302; Major Consulting Project of Chinese Academy of Engineering, No. 2016-ZD-10.


A China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) was designed in 1989 to examine the nutritional status of the populations. This paper used the CHNS data acquired in 2011 to investigate the consumption status of Chinese urban and rural residents, which covered nine provinces and three municipalities. Out-of-home food consumption was also analyzed in this paper. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) The average yearly ration consumption in 2011 was 119.93 kg per capita, and the out-of-home consumption took 9.91%. 2) Total meat consumption per capita reached 32.804 kg in 2011, including pork, beef, mutton, and poultry, in which pork took 69.85%, poultry took 20.98%, and beef and mutton together took only 9.20%. Egg and milk consumption per capita in 2011 were 10.90 kg and 13.56 kg, respectively. 3) The yearly ration consumption of Chinese urban residents was obviously lower than that of rural residents, but the yearly meat consumption of urban residents was obviously higher than that of rural residents. It is notable that the out-of-home meat consumption of rural residents was higher than that of urban residents. 4) The consumptions of meat, egg and milk released by the National Bureau of Statistics were lower than the data of CHNS, especially the egg, poultry and milk consumptions of rural residents. The food consumptions released by the National Bureau of Statistics were coincident with the at-home food consumptions of CHNS. However, the data of the National Bureau of Statistics missed the amount of out-of-home food consumption. According to the experience in developed countries, it is hard to reduce the amount of food rations, and it is expected that the consumptions of meat and dairy products will continue to rise in a long time. So, agricultural production pressure and the large amounts of animal feed import will continue to exist.

Key words: CHNS, food consumption, National Bureau of Statistics, urban and rural residents

CLC Number: 

  • F126.1