JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 1325-1336.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160784

• Resource Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on Ecological Compensation Standard in River Basin Based on the Property Rights of Eco-environment

MA Yong-xi1a, 1b, WANG Juan-li2*, WANG Jin1b, 3   

  1. 1. a. School of Economics & Management, b. Center of Ecological Civilization, Zhejiang Sci-tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China;
    2. School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Hangzhou 310018, China;
    3. Economic Information Center in Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310006, China
  • Received:2016-07-20 Revised:2016-12-07 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province, No. LY15G030010.

Abstract: The ecological compensation measurement is a key problem in the cross-basin management. Based on the summary of theoretical studies of ecological compensation standards, the paper puts forward a method to measure ecological compensation standard based on the property rights of eco-environment. By comprehensive consideration of water quality and water quantity, the ecological service compensation and the pollution compensation are brought into the measurement for ecological compensation in river basin. In the method, the factors of water quality and quantity are integrated in the measuring model of ecological compensation standard. Then, the paper applies the measurement method on the ecological compensation in Xin’an River Basin which is located in Anhui and Zhejiang provinces to conduct a case analysis. The case study verifies the applicability of the method. This paper presents the following results: 1) By defining eco-environmental property rights, the ecological compensation for river basin can be divided into the compensation for ecological protection investment and the compensation for pollution, and both water quality and water quantity can be integrated into a unified ecological compensation measurement. 2) The eco-environmental property rights being endowed to different benefit body will cause difference contents and standards of compensation. The property right shared by upstream and downstream which balance is fairer since it balances the interests of all parties. 3) In the case of shared eco-environmental property right, the river basin ecological compensation standard considering the wastewater quantity has clear ecological and environmental goals and complete compensation content, and it is easily accepted by all parties.

Key words: compensation standard, ecological compensation, property rights of eco-environment, water quality and water quantity

CLC Number: 

  • F062.2