JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 1271-1285.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160775

• Resource Economics •     Next Articles

Research of the Level and Spatial Differences of Land-sea Coordinate Development in Coastal Areas Based on Global-Malmquist-Luenberger Index

HAN Zeng-lin, XIA Kang, GUO Jian-ke, SUN Cai-zhi, DENG Zhao   

  1. Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Universities, Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2016-07-19 Revised:2016-10-31 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-20
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Fund, No. 14ZDB131National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 41571122 and 41571126.

Abstract: The coastal area is the foundation of the regional land-sea coordinate development. Assessing the integrated land and sea economic regional system based on coastal cities and provinces is of great significance to the theory and practice of the construction of “marine power”. This paper attempts to use the coastal cities as coastal areas to research the coastal regional economic development more accurately on city level of coastal area under the integrated land and sea economic regional system theory. According to the characteristics of the two systems of sea and land, an indicator system including four dimensions (economy, society, resource and environment) was established. Under the “pollution conditions”, the method of Global-Malmquist-Luenberger index was used to assess the level of land-sea coordinate development, and the spatial differences were analyzed by classifying the coastal area based on current land-sea coordination situation. The results and conclusions are as follows. Firstly, most of coastal areas are inefficient in the total factor productivity growth rate of the land-sea coordinate development, except that Guangxi and Zhejiang have increased by 0.83% and 0.03% respectively. The changes of GML index efficiency in the land, in the sea and in land-sea coordination trend to be consistent from 2003 to 2013. Scale effects on efficiency change and technological change are the major cause of the decline in land-sea coordinate development level. Under the “pollution conditions”, because the scale effect on efficiency change and scale effect on technological change have declined by 1.14% and 2.43% respectively, the changes of GML index efficiency has declined by 2.48%. Secondly, the coastal areas are experiencing the process from “attach more importance to land than sea” to “land-sea coordinate development”. Based on the spatial difference of the level of land-sea coordinate development, Zhejiang, Hebei and Fujian are classified as land-efficiency-driving type; the area around Bohai sea (except Hebei), Jiangsu, Guangxi and Hainan are classified as sea-efficiency-driving type; and Shanghai and Guangdong are classified as land-sea-efficiency-driving type. The main causes of spatial differences include the difference of industrial properties, the technical barriers of marine industry, marine resource and environment carrying capacity and government policy. Targeted suggestions are made given the light of these results.

Key words: Global-Malmquist-Luenberger index, integrated land and sea economic regional system, land-sea coordination, spatial differences

CLC Number: 

  • F062.1