JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 704-714.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160539

• Resource Evaluation • Previous Articles    

Livelihood Changes of Famers and the Response of Their Dwelling Forms in Yimeng Mountain

CAI Wei-min1, ZHANG Bai-lin1, ZHANG Feng-rong2, QU Yan-bo3, CHEN Jun-wei4, LIU Hong-wu1   

  1. 1. School of Management, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China;
    2. School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China;
    3. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economic, Jinan 250014, China;
    4. Land and Resources Bureau of Linyi, Linyi 276001, China
  • Received:2016-05-24 Revised:2016-10-01 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-04-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271111, 41671519, 41301189 and 41301616


The form and function of rural dwelling are closely related to livelihood strategies of famers. This article takes three villages (Hetaoyuan, Gaoqiao and Tangjiazhuangzi) in Yishui County, Shandong Province as the case studies, and explores livelihood changes of famers and their relationship with the evolution of rural dwelling form and function in Yimeng Mountain with participatory rural appraisal method. The results are shown as follows: 1) Before the reform and opening-up, farming was the main livelihood activity of famers. Being compatible with their demand of livelihood, the farmers built dwellings with bungalows and courtyards, and cultivated vegetables in the courtyards. 2) After the reform and opening-up, livestock breeding became one important livelihood activity of farmers. They built pigsties in their dwellings to raise pigs, and raised poultries in the courtyards. Meanwhile, there were more non-agricultural livelihoods and the livelihoods diversified. Farmers in Gaoqiao Village developed non-agricultural industry in their village. Being compatible with their demand of livelihood, they built two-story houses and used the ground floor for business. 3) Since the 21st century, livelihoods of farmers became more and more non-agricultural and differentiated. Farming and cross-regional non-agricultural employment were the main livelihood strategies in Hetaoyuan Village. Farmers made hard ground of their courtyards for grain drying, and transformed the pigsties to storage room for grain and agricultural implements. In order to expand non-agricultural industry space, farmers in Gaoqiao Village built three-story houses and used the ground floor and second floor for their individual businesses. Most farmers in Tangjiazhuangzi Village went to the county for non-agricultural employment. In order to improve the living environment, they built two-story houses without spaces for business. This paper suggested that the form and function of rural dwelling are adapted to the livelihood of farmers. The government should respect the livelihoods of farmers when building dwellings during the rural residential land consolidation.

Key words: form of rural dwelling, livelihood, new rural village, rural residential land consolidation, Yishui County

CLC Number: 

  • F327