JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 727-741.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160538

• Resource Utilization and Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Heterogeneous Implementation Effects of the Economic Compensation Policy for Farmland Conservation: Based on Difference-in-difference Dynamic Estimates

ZHU Lan-lan, CAI Yin-ying   

  1. College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2016-05-24 Revised:2016-08-03 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371519 and 71573099

Abstract: Chengdu and Suzhou are cities taking the lead in implementing the policy of economic compensation policy for farmland conservation. Taking Chengdu and Suzhou as examples, we use difference-in-difference (DID) estimators to measure the effects and influencing factors of the policy based on a tracking survey conducted in 2012 and 2015. The results are: firstly, the continuous implementation of the policy greatly improved farmers’ satisfaction and encouraged farmers to participate in land transfer, which helped realizing large-scale management of land operation but impeded farmers’ enthusiasm for protecting farmland and engaging in agricultural production. Secondly, there existed significantly regional differences in the implementation effects due to the disparities of economic development level and period of the policy implementation among regions. Specifically, Chengdu started the compensation policy first, and combined it with agricultural subsidies and pension security, so the policy gradually made some achievements. Meanwhile, farmers in Suzhou, one of the most developed areas in China where there are diverse livelihoods and high non-agricultural incomes, were highly encouraged to participate in land transfer instead of farmland protection and farm works. Finally, the effects of the policy implementation were significantly affected by the age, education, cognition of farmland function and conservation, attention to policy of farmland conservation of the farmers, labor forces and annual income from agriculture of the household, and the village’s economic condition and the distance to the nearest town.

Key words: DID, economic compensation, heterogeneous effect, policy satisfaction, farmland conservation

CLC Number: 

  • F301.21