JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 595-605.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20160515

• Resource Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evaluation of Urban Ecological Well-being Performance Based on Revised DEA Model—A Case Study of 35 Major Cities in China

LONG Liang-jun1, WANG Xia1, GUO Bing2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
    2. Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200052, China
  • Received:2016-05-17 Revised:2016-06-24 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-04-20
  • Supported by:

    National Social Science Foundation of China, No.12&ZD026; Soft Science Foundation of Shanghai, No.15692104100


In this paper, the evaluation index system of urban ecological well-being performance (hereinafter referred to as UEWP) is established in the first step by means of DEA. Resource indicators including energy consumption per capita, water use per capita and construction land use per capita, and environmental indicators such as waste water discharge per capita, waste gas emission per capita and waste solid discharge per capita are selected as the ecological input, and GDP per capita, life expectance at birth and education, which are the three dimensions of Human Development Index (HDI), are selected as the proxy index of well-being to be the output at city level. The principal component analysis (PCA) is employed during the index processing. In the empirical part, a comparative analysis is conducted based on DEA model (BCC and Super-DEA) and revised DEA model—super-SBM model with cross-sectional data of the year of 2013 from 35 major cities (provincial and sub-provincial cities) in China. Then, on the basis of the DEA value acquired with the super-SBM model, the Tobit regression model is employed to analyze the influencing factors of UEWP. The research result shows that the super-SBM model is a better choice during the evaluation of UEWP since it can solve the radial issue. Main conclusions are as follows: 1) 35 major cities are at overall low level of UEWP in 2013, but there are big gaps among cities, cities with top ranks of UEWP being tourist cities such as Qingdao and Haikou instead of the economically developed cities such as Shanghai or Beijing, the capital city of China. 2) Spatially, the east of China ranks first, and the middle and the west of China are in the second and the third place respectively. 3) The Tobit regressive analysis on the influencing factors of UEWP demonstrates that urban population density and green space are positive factors, and economic scale and industrial structure are negative factors of UEWP. Finally, some constructive suggestions are proposed.

Key words: index system, Super-SBM model, sustainable development, Tobit model, urban ecological well-being performance

CLC Number: 

  • F062.2