JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 1118-1128.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.07.005

• Resource Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Assessing the Human-environment System Sustainability in China from 1990 to 2010 Based on Human Sustainable Development Index

LI Jing-weia1,2, LIU Zhi-feng1,2, HE Chun-yang1,2, GAO Bina1,3   

  1. 1. Center for Human-Environment System Sustainability, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. College of Resources Science & Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2014-12-19 Revised:2015-02-04 Online:2015-07-20 Published:2015-07-14

Abstract:

China's human-environment system is threatened by the rapid growth of economy. Now, how to estimate China's human-environment system sustainability comprehensively and efficiently is becoming an important issue in the studies of sustainability science. This paper systematically assessed the human-environment system sustainability in China from 1990 to 2010 at national, regional, and provincial scales, using the Human Sustainable Development Index (HSDI). The results showed that the sustainability of human-environment system in China was on the upper-middle level in 2010, with low values in Central China and Western China and high value in Eastern China. From 1990 to 2010, the human-environment system sustainability in China increased obviously. HSDI of China increased from 0.65 in 1990 to 0.83 in 2010, increased by 0.18 or 27.69%. The sustainability indicators changed differently in terms of region and dimension. The sustainability in Central China and Western China grew faster than that in Eastern China, and the growth rates of sustainability in Central, Western and Eastern China were 17.65%, 20.00% and 13.89%, respectively. Both the economic sustainability indicator and social sustainability indicator rose, whereas the environmental sustainability indicator decreased. From the perspectives of spatial patterns and dynamic changes, the human-environment system sustainability in China was unbalanced, so we should further promote the socio-economic development in Central and Western China, and enhance the construction of ecological civilization to improve the sustainability of society, economy and environment comprehensively.

Key words: human-environment system, multiple scales, sustainability assessment, Human Sustainable Development Index

CLC Number: 

  • X22