JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 374-383.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2015.03.002

• Resource Economics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Period of Organic Conversion in Agricultural Heritage Sites —Taking Paddy Rice of Hani Terrace in Honghe County of Yunnan Province as an Example

ZHANG Yong-xun1,2, LIU Mou-cheng1, MIN Qing-wen1, YUAN Zheng1,2, LI Jing1,2, FAN Miao3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Airfield Cantonment Department of Logistics Department of Air Force, the Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100720, China
  • Received:2014-05-08 Revised:2014-08-13 Published:2015-03-23

Abstract:

As highly efficient agricultural technologies are used widely, efficiency of labor got improved, and grain yield was on the increase, but so many negative effects appeared such as environmental problem, food safety and disappearance of traditional agricultural culture. As a GIAHS, the system of forest-village-paddy-river in Hani terrace, which had formed for a long time in history, has multiple values that include ecologic value, productive value and landscape value, therefore, it is of great significance to protect agricultural system of Hani terrace from being destroyed. The purpose of protecting agricultural system of Hani terrace will be achieved, if the price of agricultural products from Hani terrace region is improved by organic planting for the farmers going on planting paddy rice. However, it must go through a stage of organic conversion from non-organic production to organic production. In this stage, the agricultural products produced by organic planting are not brought at the price of organic products due to not having organic label. Therefore, the local government should give some compensation to the farmers who planted rice by organic production during organic conversion for the agriculture products per unit weight, so that the income of the farmers cannot be lost. In this paper, questionnaire and interview were used for gaining the information about input-output of agriculture in organic planting during organic conversion, earnings of farmers from work in city in Hani terrace region, and input-output of modern agricultural planting. By analyzing, contrasting and computing those informations, we had results as follows: 1) The directly input of organic planting of paddy rice in Hani terrace region is more than modern planting, but paddy rice yield from organic planting is lower than modern planting; 2) labors of young adults prefer to work or live in cities for higher income, therefore, the opportunity cost is higher; and 3) extra compensation of paddy rice from organic planting at 2.84 yuan/kg is reasonable for protecting terrace landscape and traditional planting pattern in Hani terrace region.

Key words: agricultural heritage, price compensation, period of organic conversion, Hani terrace

CLC Number: 

  • F062.2