JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 28-38.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.20141517

• Resource Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ecological Compensation Standard for Graze-Prohibited Grassland: Application of the Minimum Data Method in Maqu County

WEI Hui-lan, ZONG Xin   

  1. College of Economics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2014-11-19 Online:2016-01-20 Published:2016-01-20
  • Supported by:
    Research and Special Funds for Public Benefit Sectors (Agriculture)“Technology Research and Demonstration of Protection and Rational Utilization for Natural Grassland in Plateau Community”, No; 201203006; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, No; 14LZUJBWYJ003

Abstract: In order to explore how the effective of implementing ecological compensation in grassland can excite herdsmen to voluntarily change the grassland utilization patterns for a desired goal of ecosystem services, the subsidy policy for grassland ecological protection in Maqu County, an important water conservation and recharge area in Yellow River, is taken as a case study. Based on the minimum-data method, the ecosystem services are measured by water conservation of grassland. The supply curve of water conservation in graze-prohibited grassland in Maqu County is derived from the spatial distribution of the opportunity cost per unit area of graze-prohibited grassland. And the compensation standard is linked to the desired goal of water conservation in the graze-prohibited grassland. The results show that: 1) The implementation of ecological compensation can motivate herdsmen to stop grazing in grassland, but the proportion of prohibited area changes with the standard of ecological compensation, and the desired goal of water conservation provided by the graze-prohibited grassland changes with the proportion of prohibited area. 2) The desired goal of water conservation in Maqu County is 77 383.998 0×104 m3 which is obtained from the existing 17.67×104 hm2 of graze-prohibited grassland. To achieve this goal the compensation standard for herdsmen is 1 751.76 yuan/hm2 which leads to a total amount of 30 950.503 8×104 yuan. In addition, the implementation cost of 2 650.235 0×104 yuan and the transaction cost of 1 768.459 9×104 yuan are needed. However the current ecological compensation standard is 300 yuan/hm2, that only 0.64% of the grassland can be protected under this standard, and only 495.26×104 m3 of the desired goal of water conservation can be achieved in theory.

CLC Number: 

  • X321