JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 1978-1989.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.11.015

• Special Forum • Previous Articles    

Review of Transnational Natural World Heritage Conservation

LU Xiao-xuan   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-11-06 Revised:2014-02-09 Online:2014-11-20 Published:2014-11-20

Abstract: International and internal administrative borders are political, not ecological or geological boundaries. The connectivity of flora and fauna distribution, ecological processes, as well as geological structure expands across national boundaries. In fact, international border areas contain some of the most intact ecosystems in the world. Over the last few decades, management of natural resources and biological diversity has moved from a site-level focus toward broader landscape approaches, emphasizing connectivity conservation. Connectivity conservation when applies across borders is transboundary conservation, which tends to create physical linkages or enable the occurrence of dynamic processes to connect the fragmented environment. The establishment and conservation of transnational natural world heritage has become an integral part of transboundary conservation.#br#Using typology and case study as basic research strategies, this paper reviews the conservation of transnational natural world heritage from three aspects: history, classification, and management. Since effective management of the boundaries will depend greatly on the type of site, classification of transnational natural world heritage sites based on their landscape types is necessary and significant for the transnational resource management. Attempting to reveal the dynamic of world heritage conservation, this paper also classifies the world heritage sites according to their border condition and site distribution: the establishment and extension of the heritage sites, even their excision and cancelation, reflect the changing relationship between human beings and the natural resources, as well as our changing perception of natural system. Being nominated and inscribed on the world heritage list is only the first step towards the preservation of site value. Unfortunately there can be few natural world heritage sites that do not face some kind of threat, ranging from localized problems, to regional- scale threats and global threats. Management actions to contain and minimize the effect these threats have on a site are essential for world heritage conservation. Unsustainable resource use is now among the most significant threats to conservation. The establishment and conservation of transnational natural world heritage enable bilateral and multilateral cooperation, promoting a balance between world heritage conservation and social and economic sustainable development.

CLC Number: 

  • G122