JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 1902-1915.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.11.009

• Resource Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Evaluation of Resources Sustainable Utilization -Based on Empirical Analysis of Resources Welfare Index

FUWei1,3, ZHAO Jun-quan2, DU Guo-zhen1   

  1. 1. School of Life Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. School of Economics and Management, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China;
    3. School of Economics and Management, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2013-08-26 Revised:2013-11-18 Online:2014-11-20 Published:2014-11-20

Abstract:

The sustainable resources use is the core of development and its main component. As the background of the "nature-economy-society" trinity complex system, this paper, based on the perspective of the comprehensive resources utilization efficiency, put forward Resources Welfare Index (RWI) with the combination of Human Development Index (HDI) and Ecological Footprint Index (EFI). RWI means the level of welfare brought about by the unit resource to fully reflect the comprehensive efficiency level of the resources utilization to develop economy at the same time feedback to society. This paper used 24 countries as the research sample including the G20 countries and analyzed the changes of HDI, EFI and RWI from 1996 to 2008 to evaluate sustainable situation of resources utilization. We concluded that the sustainable utilization of the resources of the 24 countries could be roughly divided into three categories. The first category, benign development, the growth rate of RWI was positive, social welfare improved and resource consumption reduced; the second category, inferior benign positive development, the growth rate of RWI was positive, social welfare and resource consumption both improved, but the former growth rate is higher than the latter, and the third category, inferior malignant positive development, the growth rate of RWI was negative, social welfare and resource consumption both improved, but the former growth rate is lower than the latter.

Key words: resources welfare index (RWI), ecological footprint index (EFI) 1915, sustainable resources use, human development index (HDI)

CLC Number: 

  • F062.1