JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 1696-1708.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.10.006

• Resource Ecology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Livelihood Diversity and Farmer Participate in Farmland Ecological Compensation Policy Response: The Case Study of Minhang District, Shanghai and Zhangjiagang District, Suzhou

LI Hai-yan, CAI Yin-ying   

  1. College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2013-07-03 Revised:2014-01-13 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-10-20


Farmland ecological compensation is an effective economic way to motivate farmers to protect and maintain the ability of ecosystem services of farmland, which improves the externalities of ecological benefits caused by market failures. It also has a positive impact on improving environment of farmland ecosystem, expanding the open space, and increasing farmers'income. In this paper, we draw the relationship between farmers'livelihood diversity in developed areas and their participation in farmland ecological compensation policy response by the structure equation model (SEM). The results indicate that the farmers'basic features, family characteristics, livelihood diversity and regions developing level have a positive impact on farmers'supportive willingness of farmland ecological compensation policy (5% level significantly). It further gives the farmers'basic features, family characteristics and livelihood diversity characteristics generated positive influence on farmers'response of compensation policy effect, and regional developing level has a negative impact on it (5% level significantly). Finally we rank by the factors which generated more positive effect on farmers'supportive willingness and their response of ecological compensation policy. We find livelihood diversity characteristics are the dominant factor on former and the second largest factor in sequence. Overall, the livelihood diversity characteristics have a positive effect on both farmers'supportive willingness and policy response. So it is important for government to take these issues into consideration when draft an effective farmland ecological compensation policy. And those results will provide a guide for the development of farmers'livelihood diversity.

Key words: livelihood diversity, policy response, structural equation model, farmland ecological compensation, developed areas

CLC Number: 

  • F062.2