JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 1017-1028.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.06.010

• Resources Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Indicator System and Evaluation Method of“Three Red Lines” ofWater Resources Management in Beijing

LIU Xiao1, LIU Hong-li1, WANG Hong-rui1,3, YU Song1, MADong-chun2,3   

  1. 1. College ofWater Science-Key Laboratory forWater and Sediment Science, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Hydraulic Research Institute, Beijing 100048, China;
    3. BeijingWater Strategic Studies Center, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2013-03-13 Revised:2013-07-11 Published:2014-06-24


In order to perfect the most strictest water management system of China in the quantitative and operable manners, the"Three Red Lines"(TRL) indicator system, one kind of water resources management systems, was built in this paper by means of questionnaire survey, expert evaluation method and the analytic hierarchy process, and was designed to be implemented simultaneously with the national Five-Year Plan of the different periods as well. Then this paper proposed the TRL evaluation method, and took Beijing as an example to predict its goal values of the TRL target indicators of the year 2015 by the trend analysis method and the water quota method. Finally, we evaluated and classified the statuses of the TRL management of different districts of Beijing in 2011, and put forward corresponding proposals for improving water resources management specifically. For areas of level-5, such as Fangshan District and Daxing District, all four indicators were not up to the standard, whose total quality control, efficiency control and assimilative capacity all need to be strengthened. In particular, Fangshan District should pay more attention to its water quality amelioration, while Daxing District is bound to focus on the water use efficiency improvement. For areas of level-4, the six urban districts should further control the water use efficiency. For areas of level-3, both Tongzhou District and Changping District need to strengthen the water pollution control. For areas of level-2, Mentougou District is supposed to emphasize water use control, Shunyi District and Yanqing District stress water pollution control. For areas of level-1, Huairou District, Pinggu District and Miyun District, all four indicators were satisfied which meant the ideal comprehensive management have been practiced there.

Key words: Beijing, water resources management, Three Red Lines

CLC Number: 

  • TV213.4