JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 166-176.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2014.01.015

• Resources Evaluation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Water Resources Cognitive Analysis Based on Gird-Group Culture Theory:A Case Study of Farmers in Ganzhou District in the Middle Reach of Heihe River

YIN Xiao-juan, ZHONG Fang-lei*, XU Zhong-min   

  1. China Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology and Integrated River Basin Science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2012-08-06 Revised:2013-08-12 Online:2014-01-20 Published:2014-01-09
  • Contact: 钟方雷 E-mail:flzhong@lzb.ac.cn

Abstract: Different stakeholders in water policy hold different views, which can lead to different economic actions and attitudes by influencing individual decision-making process. Researching human factors in water resources management and identifying diverse perceptions of water are important. These works can improve understanding and communication among people, and provide decision support for public participation in water management. The grid-group culture theory of social anthropology divide people into four types—the hierarchist, egalitarian, individualist and fatalist, which actually gives a framework for better understanding of different cognitions of water. In this article, we chose a typical area of water-saving society Ganzhou district as a research object, designed questionnaires and conducted a field survey to get data. The proportions of cultural types of farmers in Ganzhou district were assessed by grid-group culture theory. In order to validate the coherence of cultural types and appropriate strategy of water management, we used crosstab to analyze the correlation between different cultural types and varied water resources perceptions. The results show that, people most agree with bias of hierarchical, which account for 48% of the survey sample. Followed by egalitarian and individualist, which are 28% and 20.7% respectively. Fatalist account for only 3.3%. Cultural types have a significant corresponding with views of water price policy, water availability and artificial groundwater recharge (Approx. Sig<0.05), and have a relatively corresponding with artificial surface reservoirs and water trade (Approx. Sig<0.1). Hierarchist and egalitarian matched their own water resource cognitives well. There are 53%-79% of hierarchist selected views of hierarchical in water-conserving technology, water availability, artificial groundwater recharge, artificial surface reservoirs, water trade, hydrological cycle, water quality evaluation and wastewater policy. And 37%-72% of egalitarian chose opinions of egalitarian in water demand, water price policy, water scarcity, groundwater use and public water supply. The results validate the application of grid-group culture theory in the inland basin of China. Finally, it is suggested that concerning cultural differences among individuals is significant for making and implementing water resource management policy.

Key words: water resources cognitive, crosstabs, grid-group culture theory, Ganzhou District

CLC Number: 

  • F062.2