JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 361-371.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.03.001

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The Performance Evaluation of Western Development Strategy to the Regional Balanced Development of China

LU Zhang-wei1,2, XU Li-hua1, WU Ci-fang2, YUE Wen-ze2   

  1. 1. College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Lin’an 311300, China;
    2. College of Public Administration, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
  • Received:2011-12-01 Revised:2012-09-07 Online:2013-03-20 Published:2013-03-20

Abstract:

This paper selects four kinds of index, which include social economic output, social economic input, people’s living standard, and ecological environment, to evaluate the performance of western development strategy, by analyzing the spatial difference and temporal developing evolvement of regional social economic development pattern since the implementation of western development strategy, and using gravity method. The research shows that, the social economic development of western region obtained remarkable effect, and the unbalanced pattern of regional social economic development was improved, under the fiscal preferential policies and other preferential policies, since the implementation of western development strategy. However, compared with eastern region, the people’s living standard of western region was not improved significantly, and the gap between eastern and western region became wider. Furthermore, when the western region developed economy especially industry, the environmental pollution was not controlled effectively, especially when accepting industry transfer, eastern region transferred the industry which was high energy consumption and high pollution to western region, so the industry transfer became pollution transfer. Therefore, the government should be devoted to improving people’s living standard and controlling the environmental pollution at the next stage.

Key words: western development strategy, performance evaluation, regional coordination, gravity centre 

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9