JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 10-18.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.01.002

• Resources Utilization and Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Empirical Analysis on Influencing Factors of the Hollowing Village Degree—Based on the Survey Data of Sample Villages in Shandong Province

WANG Jie-yong, LIU Yan-sui, CHEN Yang-fen   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-07-26 Revised:2012-06-01 Online:2013-01-20 Published:2013-01-19

Abstract:

Rural hollowing is a widespread phenomenon all over China, which is a special form of rural geographical system evolution during the process of urban-rural transformation. The degree of rural hollowing is influenced by economy, nature, social culture, and systematic management etc. The research on the influencing factors of the rural hollowing is largely qualitative from the macro perspectives; however, there is few quantitative study based on the sampling survey, namely, the micro perspectives. In this paper, the methods including GIS, RS and Participatory Rural Appraisal (RRA) were used, and the high spatial resolution airborne images and house-to-house survey data of 76 villages in Shandong Province were adopted. The quantitative relationship between the degree and its factors that influence rural hollowing was explored, by employing the method of multiple regression analysis. It turned out that the rural hollowing degree was positively correlated with numbers of homestead each household and cultivated land area per capita, and was negatively correlated with per capita income in the village. 'One household owns more than one suite of homestead', which was caused by the lack of village development planning and inefficient administration, is the direct cause for the empty, waste and unused housing lands; lower per capita income stagnant economic development, and degrading abilities of rural endogenous growth caused continuous loss of village elements and resources aggregation, which was the root cause for village hollowing; the emergence and evolution of rural hollowing have certain dependence on the cultivated land resources, the richer the cultivated land resources were, the easier for the villages to become hollowing. In order to prevent rural hollowing, it is necessary to establish the village homestead planning system and strengthen the village homestead management system. The enhancement of endogenous development capability and elements cohesion of the village is also important. According to the dominating factors of rural hollowing, differentiation strategies should be carried out for different regions.

Key words: degree of hollowing village, multiple regression analysis, sample villages in Shandong Province

CLC Number: 

  • F320.3