JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 1-9.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.01.001

• Resources Utilization and Management •     Next Articles

Regional Model and Mechanism of Rural Labor Transfer Response to Rapid Urbanization in Eastern Coastal China

WANG Guo-gang1,2, LIU Yan-sui1, LIU Yu1,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing 100097
  • Received:2011-11-17 Revised:2012-05-15 Online:2013-01-20 Published:2013-01-19

Abstract:

Rural labor transfer and sustainable development in rural areas are major issues which developing countries have been deeply concerned about. And more and more scholars have paid attention to these scientific issues. The aim of this paper is to analyze urbanization process and the scale and intensity of rural labor transfer in eastern coastal areas in 1978-2008 from two aspects—spatio-temporal process coupling, and morphology and dynamic conjugated. Firstly, the rural labor transfer response intensity model was constructed, which was used to measure the patterns and space differentiation of rural laborers response. And then, the paper divided the regional types of rural labor transfer response intensity to urbanization in eastern coastal China. The results show that: 1) During the study period, the level of urbanization in eastern coastal areas increased from 19.7% in 1978 to 58.2% in 2008, which is higher than the national average level. With urbanization level developing quickly, rural labor transfer scale and strength were growing constantly, with obvious difference in periodicity and regionality. 2) The development of non-agriculture, regional disparity, and expected income are prime dynamic driving factors of rural labor transfer mechanism model revealed. In other words, the development of non-agricultural industries has a huge role in promoting the regional rural labor transfer; while the average wage for urban workers also has a significant role in promoting the transfer of rural labor. 3) The area of eastern coastal China can be divided into metropolitan-core region, periphery region, marginal region, traditional agricultural-special region. But each type orientates and focuses on different industrial structure and urban system regulation. And finally, we give some policy recommendations for conclusions.

Key words: urbanization, rural labor transfer, response mechanism, regional type

CLC Number: 

  • F323.6