JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2012, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (11): 1951-1961.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.11.014

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Accessibility of Medium- and Small-sized Cultural Tourist Cities Based on Spatial Distance and Time Cost

WANG Jiao-e1, HU Hao2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2011-06-07 Revised:2012-03-13 Online:2012-11-20 Published:2012-11-20


Medium- and small-sized cultural tourist cities are an important component part of regional tourism. Besides the attraction of scenic spots, enhancing accessibility and perfecting infrastructure construction in scenic spots are very important for their tourism development. Therefore, the research on accessibility of medium- and small-sized cultural tourist cities is meaningful. First, there are 113 cultural cities which are proved by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China. The medium- and small-sized cities are defined with non-agricultural people less than 500000 in 2008. Therefore, the paper gets 34 medium- and small-sized cultural tourist cities as research objects. Second, the paper researches the accessibility of 34 medium- and small-sized cultural tourist cities from the perspective of Euclidean distance and time cost based on GIS with countiec as the basic unit. The Euclidean distance is measured by 50 km, 100 km, and 200 km respectively and the time cost is calculated by 1 hour, 2 hours, and 3 hours based on the road transport network since most tourists are distributed in 250 km from the attractions. Results indicate that: the accessibility of the 34 medium- and small-sized cultural tourist cities shows disequilibrium in spatial distribution, and the blank areas and overlapped areas from attractions for enjoying tourism resources exist together. For example, Northeast China, South China, Inner Mongolia Plateau and Tibetan Plateau can’t access medium- and small-size cultural tourist cities in 200 km or 3 hours. Conversely, the market areas of cultural tourist cities in the Yangtze River, Chengdu-Chongqing region, Southwestern Shandong, and West of the Taiwan Strait are overlapped in 200 km or 3 hours, and the tourism resources of these areas have the potential for regional cooperation. Finally, this paper calculates the correlation coefficient of tourism income, tourism population of the 34 cities and the socio-economic indices in accessed areas by distance and time, and the result shows that the GDP in 1 hour has the highest correlation coefficient with the tourism income and the GDP in 50 km having the highest correlation coefficient with the tourism population. In a word, how to perfect the infrastructure construction of medium- and small-sized cities and enhance their accessibility has great function to expand their tourism market.

Key words: Euclidean distance, time cost, medium- and small-sized cultural tourist cities, short-distance and short-time trip, accessibility

CLC Number: 

  • F592.99