JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (7): 1154-1163.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.07.007

• Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An Empirical Study of Cultivated Land Ecological Compensation Based on Choice Experiments Method

MA Ai-hui1, CAI Yin-ying2, ZHANG An-lu2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China;
    2. College of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2011-06-21 Revised:2011-12-05 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20

Abstract: In China, limited cultivated land bears great pressure with economic development, so the most severe protection policy for cultivated land in the world has been implemented by the Chinese government for many years, but the present command and control policy has subtle effects. Therefore, how to find a kind of effective measurement to protect the rare cultivated land resources in China is one of the key topics for both land resources protection and ecological environmental construction. The ecological compensation practice of many countries and regions has shown that eco-compensation mechanism is an effective means to solve the contradiction between cultivated land resources protection and economic development, and the accounting and determination of eco-compensation criteria are always the core issues, and also are the key and difficult point in ecological compensation mechanism. This paper takes the stakeholders of cultivated land ecological compensation-citizens’ survey as an example, and uses a new method to evaluate environmental quality, which is a choice experiment method to simulate cultivated land ecological compensation policy and its trading market, and to obtain willingness to pay and quotas of citizens about cultivated land resources protection. Then through a certain econometric model, it can measure citizens’ preferences about attribute of cultivated land protection, including cultivated land area, the quality of cultivated land, the surrounding landscape and ecological environment of cultivated land. This paper also measures welfare level difference value of policy scheme which is a combination of four attributes in cultivated land protection. Two results can be drawn from the study. Firstly, to protect cultivated land resources, citizens focus more on cultivated land ecological landscape surroundings than other properties, and they are willing to pay 154 yuan for improving cultivated land landscape and ecological environment surroundings every year. Secondly, in many attribute combinations, citizens are willing to pay 247 yuan per year for the best policy scheme. That is to say, citizens should pay 247 yuan per year for cultivated land eco-compensation. Different combinations of welfare level difference in value for the cultivated land can contribute to determine a flexible eco-compensation standard in construction of eco-compensation mechanism.

Key words: cultivated land, ecological compensation, choice experiment method, willingness to pay

CLC Number: 

  • X321