JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2012, Vol. ›› Issue (7): 1075-1088.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.07.001

• Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS •     Next Articles

Initial Response of Farmers and Herdsmen Participating Actions to Government Leading Ecological Construction Projects: A Comparative Analysis of Mountain-River-Lake of Jiangxi and Three-River Headwaters of Qinghai

SHAO Jing-an1, SHAO Quan-qin2, LU Qing-shui3, HUANG Lin2, KUANG Wen-hui2   

  1. 1. College of Geography Science, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 400047, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, CAS, Yantai 264003, China
  • Received:2011-10-27 Revised:2012-04-17 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20

Abstract: The initial participating actions of farmers and herdsmen to government leading ecological construction projects usually possess certain passive characteristics. This study interviews 508 farmers’households from four counties, Mountain-River-Lake of Jiangxi Province and 151 herdsmen’s households in Maduo County, Three-River Headwaters of Qinghai Province, using participatory rural appraisal method. And the differences of the initial responses of their participation to ecological construction projects were understood. The interview data were analyzed by ecological time limits method and EXCEL statistical software. These results showed: 1) The direct actions of farmers participating in ecological construction presented that farmers provided time and labor to complete government leading mountainous afforestation in Mountain-River-Lake. However, the direct participation of herdsmen was reflected by the ecological immigrants that were constituted of the few or no herding livestock in Three-River Headwaters. The rights of mountainous land cleared was the main appropriate means, by which farmers’passive participation actions could be adjusted to ensure farmers participating and benefiting themselves in Mountain-River-Lake. While, for the adjustment of herdsmen’s passive participation actions, the main problems were more considering the changes of herdsmen’s religions and customs, but not merely increasing the standards and years of resettlement compensation in Three-River Headwaters.2) The indirect actions of farmers’participation were the responses of maximizing farmers own interests and helping mountainous land restoration under the stress and shock of foreign powers in Mountain-River-Lake. They were driven by farming opportunity cost increase and breeding risk rise, but not farmers’conscious actions. And the indirect participation of herdsmen was mainly the evolvement result of traditional animal husbandry under the government leading in Three-River Headwaters. "Forbidden-grazing-enclosure-reduced-livestock", as the first responses of herdsmen’s indirect participation, were suitable to mitigate grassland pressure and did not completely change traditional animal husbandry.3) Farmers shifted to non-agricultural industry with the larger initiative in Mountain-River-Lake. It was a spontaneous choice decided by balancing the income gap between agriculture and non-agriculture. The ecological effects after shifting industry presented the pressure of mountainous land were long-term relieved, and a lower bounce risk could be observed. However, herdsmen shifted to non-animal husbandry with the larger passivity in Three-River Headwaters. It was consequent on herdsmen’s passive participation, under the course of government providing some opportunities (e.g., training, employment, education, etc.) and favorable policies, after the game between government and herdsmen for "poor and rich". The bounce risk of grassland ecological improvement was larger after shifting production. The implications of this study help to provide effective data and ideas support for farmers and herdsmen participating in concentric ecological reconstruction and pressure-relief ecological restoration.

Key words: farmers and herdsmen, participating behavior, government leading, ecological construction projects, Mountain-River-Lake of Jiangxi Province, Three-River Headwaters of Qinghai Province

CLC Number: 

  • X171.4