JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2012, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 933-941.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2012.06.005

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Payments Calculation for Soil and Water Conservation Environmental Services ——A Case Study of Dongbeigou Watershed in Water Source Area of Panjiakou Reservoir

L? Ming-quan1, WANG Ji-jun1,2, XIA Zi-lan1, CHEN Zhi-xue3   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, Northwest Agriculture & Forest University, Yangling 712100, China;
    2. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, CAS and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, China;
    3. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation of Chengde City, Chengde 067000, China
  • Received:2011-06-20 Revised:2011-11-20 Online:2012-06-20 Published:2012-06-20

Abstract: The payments for soil and water conservation environmental services are of great importance to soil and water conservation. The payments amount is a core issue of setting up payments for environmental services (PES) scheme. In this paper, Dongbeigou Watershed in the upstream area of the Panjiakou Reservoir was selected to study PES amount related to soil and water conservation, on the basis of land use in 1990 and 2009, soil, vegetation, DEM and peasant household survey data. The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) based on GIS was used to calculate the reduction of soil loss between 1990 and 2009 because of taking precaution measures against soil loss. The environmental economics approaches (nonmarket valuation methods) was applied in calculating downstream benefit from Dongbeigou Watershed providing soil and water conservation services, and Dongbeigou Watershed’s cost and benefit in providing soil conservation services. A payment amount for soil and water conservation environmental services model was set up based on previous calculation. The results indicated that the soil loss amount decreased by 6.49×104t·a-1 from 1990 to 2009. The watershed inhabitants providing soil conservation services lost 24.48×104 yuan/a from losing developing opportunities and gained 44.21×104 yuan/a from reducing land and fertility losses. Downstream water users receiving soil and water conservation services benefited 84.88×104 yuan/a from losing siltation and eutrophication of Panjiakou Reservoir. The compensation standard was from 24.48×104 yuan (222.55 yuan per person) to 46.90×104 yuan(426.36 yuan per person).

Key words: ecological economics, payments for soil conservation ecological services, Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), Panjiakou Reservoir

CLC Number: 

  • F062.2