JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 2011, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1658-1669.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2011.10.003

• Resources Utilization and Management • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on Ecological Migration Willingness and Its Affecting Factors: A Case of Sangonghe River Watershed, Xinjiang

TANG Hong1,2, ZHANG Xin-huan1, YANG De-gang1   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China;
    2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-01-20 Revised:2011-05-20 Online:2011-10-20 Published:2011-10-20

Abstract: Based on questionnaires and rural household interview survey, current situations about willingness and effects of ecological migration were investigated. Then Logistic model was used to analyze the main factors which may pose effects on household’s willingness of migration and residence in current settlements. The results showed that: 1) family size, per capita net income, the main source of income, the proportion of non-agricultural income and farmers involved in the project of returning farmland to forests were the major factors affecting the willingness of migration, and smaller family size, greater proportion of non-agricultural income and strong awareness of eco-environmental protection may promote the willingness of migration. 2) Migration project showed a significant effect on improving eco-environment, which could promote the process of returning farmland to forests, and pressure of grasslands was relieved to some extent. There were still some problems of resettlement to be solved, including but not limited to that the income of most rural households was reduced in different levels, and households gave a lower evaluation on environment of production and living at settlements, 42.35% of whom experienced decline in the quality of life after migration. 3) The willingness of households to reside in current settlements was not strong in general, with 71.92% of the households willing to move back to the Sangonghe River Watershed, and the major factors were quality of life, irrigation conditions and quality of cultivated land. In order to enhance the migration and residence positivity of farm households, and to promote the implementation of ecological migration project, the government should improve the conditions of water and soil resources, accelerate the process of infrastructure construction, provide training courses on agricultural technologies, and encourage the transfer from farmers to rural workers. By doing so, farmer incomes could be increased and the conditions of production and living could be improved.

Key words: ecological migration, migration willingness, effect of migration, Logistic Model, Sangonghe River Watershed

CLC Number: 

  • C915