JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 1997, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 299-306.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1997.04.002

• Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A DISCUSSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THEENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) OFWATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING

Shi Xiaoxin, Xia Jun   

  1. Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electric Engineering, Wuhan 430072
  • Received:1997-02-12 Revised:1997-06-05 Online:1997-12-25 Published:1997-12-25

Abstract: ustainable development is a new type of development mode ,which is proposed to overcome the disadvantage of tranditional development mode. The disadventage is to develop the social economy at the expense of the environment. The essence of sustainable development is emphasizing the coordination between the social economy development and the resources and environment protection to ensure the sustainability of the social economy development.Under the great transformation of development mode of human society, the environmental impact assessment (EIA) of water resources engineering which is at intersection between environmental science and resources science also should fit the demand of this new transformation. In this paper, on the basis of an analysis of the tranditional mode of the EIA of water resources engineering and its five problems, we give the EIA of water resource engineering the connotation of sustainability and study its theory and method, then proposes the mode system of the EIA of water resources engineering of sustainable development which adapts the situation of China. It includes the theorical basis,evaluating contents,evaluating methods,evaluating index system , evaluating criterions and working procedure of the EIA of water resources engineering of sustainable development.

Key words: ustainable development, water resources engineering, environmental impact essessment (EIA)