JOURNAL OF NATURAL RESOURCES ›› 1987, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (2): 161-170.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1987.02.008

• Special Column:Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of IGSNRR, CAS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

AGRICULTURAL NATURAL RESOURCES AND ITS EXPLOITATION IN HUNAN PROVINCE

Cheng Weimin1, Xu Xueren2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, Hunan Normal University;
    2. Institute of Economic Geography, Hunan Province
  • Online:1987-06-25 Published:1987-06-25

Abstract: Hunan Province is in the middle part of the subtropical zone in China and in the transition region of the eastern and western parts of the mid-subtropics. The natural environment and re- sources are imbued with a distinct transition characteristic. Within the Hunan Province the natural condition is advantageous, the structure of natural resources of agriculture is fine, as well as the utilization ratio of land and energy of sunlight is high. But the resources are affected by regional distinctions of the natural and social economy, and present a distinct regional transition. This paper makes a primary investigation mainly on the reginal distinctions, the present condition of exploitation and utilization, and the orientation of rational exploitation anduilization of resources.The forests, the cultivated land and grassland resources are the three major sectors of agricultural natural resources. Hunan is one of the important forestry regions on the south of Changjiang River. Its amount of forest reserves occupies the fourteen position in China. But it is still not reasonably utilized at present and has the tendency to come down. We should strengthen the forestry construction of mountain areas and build Hunan into a large-scale base of timber forests and economic forest in the region on the south of Changjiang River. Hunan is one of the provinces with more people and less cultivated land in China. Although the total output of grain occupies the fourth position in the country, but the exploitation of resources does not balance. It has not yet fully to bring out the productive potentiality of resources. Only in the Basin of Lake Dongting it is possible to be built into one of the largest bases of commodity grain. The fragment, pieces and intersecting distribution of plough and forest are the distinctions of grassland resources of Hunan, which is classified as two types: (1) fragmentary grassland of the low-mountain and hill, (2) the continous grassland of the middle-mountain. In the light of its distinct of the suitability, We should adopt a thousand and one families or the main orientation of utilization of resources. The middle-mountain grassland is the outcome of the unstable stage of abverse succession in ecosyston of evergreen broad-leaf forests. If it is to be used as great grazing land, a prudent altitude should be adopted.