自然资源学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 1691-1706.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20220703

• 新时期自然资源利用与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

农业生产转型及其环境效应的研究进展与展望

张英男1(), 龙花楼2,3()   

  1. 1.浙江大学公共管理学院,杭州 310058
    2.广西大学公共管理学院,南宁 530004
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-27 修回日期:2021-12-15 出版日期:2022-07-28 发布日期:2022-09-28
  • 通讯作者: 龙花楼(1971- ),男,湖南醴陵人,博士,教授,研究方向为城乡发展与土地利用转型、“三农”问题与乡村振兴。E-mail: longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张英男(1993- ),男,辽宁凤城人,博士,副研究员,研究方向为乡村土地利用与政策、城乡融合发展。E-mail: zhangyingnan@zju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41731286);广西科技基地和人才专项(桂科AD19110158)

Agricultural production transition and its environmental effects: Research progress and prospect

ZHANG Ying-nan1(), LONG Hua-lou2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
    2. School of Public Administration, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-07-27 Revised:2021-12-15 Online:2022-07-28 Published:2022-09-28

摘要:

农业绿色转型已经成为乡村振兴与农业农村深化改革的关键路径,亟待探索农业生产转型与其环境效应的耦合关系与机制,从而推进农业的高质量发展。近年来,学者们基于不同的空间尺度,对农业生产转型及其环境效应的过程、格局、机理与优化调控开展了广泛探讨。为系统梳理该方面研究的相关进展,识别出相应的研究不足,本文采用文献分析与系统归纳相结合的方法,分析了农业生态环境问题的识别、测度与成因等方面的研究态势,从关键要素的视角解析了农业生产转型对生态环境影响的研究进展,并对农业经济增长与农业面源污染和农业生产转型与农业生态效率的相互关系进行了总结。研究指出:未来农业生产转型及其环境效应研究应加强从系统科学的视角解读二者的互馈关系,并关注二者互馈响应的区域异质性,深化基于土地系统科学视角的耕地利用转型的环境影响研究,通过多学科交叉融合加强对中国特色“小农”生产方式转型所引发的环境问题的微观机理探析。

关键词: 农业生产空间, 农业可持续发展, 绿色农业, 农业地理, 乡村地理

Abstract:

The green transformation of agriculture has become an inevitable choice of rural vitalization and agricultural/rural reforms, therefore, it is urgent to explore the relationship between agricultural production transition and its environmental effects, and fuel the high-quality development. In recent years, the process, spatio-temporal pattern and the mechanism of agricultural production transition and its environmental effects have been intensively investigated and discussed at multiple scales. In order to systematically review the progress and garner the research gaps, literature analysis was used to summarize the state-of-the-arts. Finally, this paper provided an overview of the research progress from the perspective of key elements of agricultural production, and then summarized the research progress of the environmental effects from three aspects - the identification of agricultural environmental problems, the relations between agricultural production transition and non-point source pollution, and agro-ecological efficiency. Future research of agricultural production transition and its environmental effects should be focused on explaining the mutual relations from system science, underlining the regional heterogeneity, enriching the farmland use transition research by applying land system science, and highlighting the micro-mechanism of the environmental response from the perspective of small-holding peasants in China.

Key words: agricultural production space, sustainable agricultural development, green growth of agriculture, agricultural geography, rural geography