自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 3203-3214.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20211214

• 其他研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于能值理论武陵山片区旅游生态化水平测度与空间异质性分析

李志龙1(), 陈慧灵1, 刘迪2   

  1. 1. 湖南工商大学公共管理与人文地理学院,长沙 410205
    2. 湖南工商大学经济与贸易学院,长沙 410205
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-03 修回日期:2020-11-07 出版日期:2021-12-28 发布日期:2022-02-28
  • 作者简介:李志龙(1973- ),男,湖南岳阳人,博士,副教授,研究方向为旅游地可持续发展。E-mail: 114779478@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15BGL122);国家自然科学基金项目(42101208);湖南省自然科学基金项目(2021JJ40155)

Measurement of tourism ecological level based on the emergy value theory and spatial heterogeneity in Wuling Mountain Area

LI Zhi-long1(), CHEN Hui-ling1, LIU Di2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration and Human Geography, Hunan University of Technology and Business, Changsha 410205, China
    2. College of Economics and Trade, Hunan University of Technology and Business, Changsha 410205, China
  • Received:2020-07-03 Revised:2020-11-07 Online:2021-12-28 Published:2022-02-28

摘要:

旅游生态化是实现旅游可持续发展的重要途径,而旅游生态化水平测度是旅游生态化研究的基础工作。本文创新性地构建了基于能值理论的旅游地生态化水平分析框架及测度模型。以武陵山片区为研究对象,基于研究区域2018年相关截面数据,以县级行政单位为研究单元对旅游生态化水平进行测度。测度结果表明:武陵山片区旅游生态化水平为中等偏下水平;县域单元等级数量呈“金字塔”形分布;评价体系目标层指标存在显著性差异。探索性空间数据分析方法分析表明研究区域旅游生态化水平空间分布上显示较为明显的集聚特征,显示较强的正相关,异质性弱。分指标空间分布显示大多数县域单元旅游社会经济的发展与环境保护不同步。

关键词: 生态化水平测度, 能值理论, 武陵山片区, 空间异质性

Abstract:

Ecotourism is an important way to realize sustainable development of tourism, and ecotourism level measurement is the basic work of ecotourism research. In this paper an ecological level analysis framework and measurement model of tourist destination based on the theory of energy value are constructed innovatively. Taking Wuling Mountain Area as the research object and based on relevant sectional data of the research area in 2018, the county administrative unit was taken as the research unit to measure the ecotourism level. The result shows that the ecotourism level in the study area is below the average level. The number of tiered county units is distributed in the shape of a pyramid. There are significant differences in the target level indicators of the evaluation system. The exploratory spatial data analysis method shows that the spatial distribution of tourism ecological level in the study area shows obvious clustering characteristics, strong positive correlation and weak heterogeneity. The spatial distribution of sub-indexes shows that most county units have not achieved coordinated development of the regional tourism and environmental protection.

Key words: evaluation on ecological level, emergy theory, Wuling Mountain Area, spatial heterogeneity