• 其他研究论文 •

### 耕地转出对农民家庭贫困脆弱性的影响及其区域差异分析

1. 1. 内蒙古财经大学金融学院,呼和浩特 010070
2. 内蒙古农村牧区治理能力现代化研究基地,呼和浩特 010070
3. 内蒙古财经大学经济学院,呼和浩特 010070
• 收稿日期:2020-06-11 修回日期:2020-07-27 出版日期:2021-12-28 发布日期:2022-02-28
• 通讯作者: 史俊宏（1979- ）,男,内蒙古巴彦淖尔人,博士,教授,主要从事农业与农村发展研究。E-mail: shijunhongnmg@126.com
• 作者简介:赵立娟（1981- ）,女,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,教授,主要从事资源利用与农户经济研究。E-mail: zhaolijuannmg@126.com
• 基金资助:
国家社会科学基金项目(17BJY112)

### Impact of land renting-out on the households' poverty vulnerability and its regional differences

ZHAO Li-juan1,2(), KANG Xiao-hong1,2, SHI Jun-hong2,3()

1. 1. College of Finance, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot 010070, China
2. Research Base for Modernization of Rural Pastoral Areas in Inner Mongolia, Hohhot 010070, China
3. College of Economics, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot 010070, China
• Received:2020-06-11 Revised:2020-07-27 Online:2021-12-28 Published:2022-02-28

Abstract:

Paying attention to the impact of land renting-out on the households' poverty vulnerability is of great significance for the long-term poverty alleviation of farmers and the formulation of rural anti-poverty policies. Based on the reasonable selection of control variables and the measurement of households' poverty vulnerability, this article employs DID, OLS and PSM-DID models to analyze the influence and regional differences of land renting-out on households' poverty vulnerability using the two-panel data of CFPS (2014 and 2018). The results reveal that: (1) The land renting-out behavior can significantly reduce the poverty vulnerability of households, which is considered as an effective means of poverty alleviation and plays a positive role in helping some households to resist income risks. (2) Variables such as gender, age and education level of households' head, labor force, health status of family members, net assets of family housing, cash and deposits, and local economic development levels also have a different impact on households' poverty vulnerability. (3) Further research shows that the larger the land renting-out rate of cultivated land is, the more beneficial it is to reduce the households' poverty vulnerability, but this result has not passed the significance test, and the interpretation of this research conclusion still needs further research. (4) In addition, the impact of land renting-out on the households' poverty vulnerability shows a certain regional difference. Among them, it has played a significant role in reducing the poverty vulnerability of farmers in the eastern, central and northeast regions, but it is not obvious in the western region. In order to ensure the robustness of the research conclusions, the estimation results are tested by various matching methods, and show that the conclusions in this paper are stable and reliable. It is suggested that in the future, under the premise of respecting the wishes of farmers, the farmland transfer market should be further improved, and differentiated guidance policies should be provided according to the actual needs of households. At the same time, the support of the family education, finance, and social security should be increased for the land renting-out family, thereby promoting the sustainable development of their livelihoods.