自然资源学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 3069-3083.doi: 10.31497/zrzyxb.20211205

• 其他研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于“潜力—支持力—恢复力”框架的村镇可持续发展能力及其类型甄别

王成(), 任梅菁, 樊荣荣   

  1. 西南大学地理科学学院乡村人居环境研究实验室,西南山地生态循环农业国家级培育基地,重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-27 修回日期:2021-04-12 出版日期:2021-12-28 发布日期:2022-02-28
  • 作者简介:王成(1975- ),男,重庆荣昌人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为土地利用与乡村发展、乡村人居环境。E-mail: wchorange@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(19BGL182);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(SWU1909030)

Study on sustainable development capacity of villages and towns and its types based on the framework of potential-support-resilience

WANG Cheng(), REN Mei-jing, FAN Rong-rong   

  1. The Laboratory of Research on Rural Human Settlements, School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, State Cultivation Base of Eco-agriculture for Southwest Mountainous Land, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2020-07-27 Revised:2021-04-12 Online:2021-12-28 Published:2022-02-28

摘要:

科学判断村镇可持续发展能力,精准定位村镇发展类型,对于实现乡村振兴多元目标具有重要价值。以重庆市江津区为研究区,2017年为研究时点,从潜力、支持力与恢复力三个维度解析村镇可持续发展能力,从而构建评价指标体系与评价模型,分析村镇可持续发展能力空间分异特征及其类型。研究表明:(1)村镇可持续发展能力的强弱是潜力、支持力与恢复力三者共同作用的结果。(2)江津区村镇潜力呈现“北高南低”;支持力呈现“北高南低”;恢复力呈现“南高北低”;可持续发展能力呈现“西南高东北低,组团状分布”。(3)江津区村镇可划分为发展潜力挖潜型、城乡融合促进型、安全质量提升型与能力全面发展型四种可持续发展类型,进而提出差异化调控策略,以引导村镇可持续发展、增强县域综合实力。

关键词: 村镇可持续发展能力, 空间分异, 类型甄别, 差异化调控, 重庆市江津区

Abstract:

It is of great significance in the implementation of rural revitalization strategy and the realization of its multiple goals to scientifically evaluate the level of the sustainable development ability and determine targeted development types of villages and towns. Based on sorting out the implication of the sustainable development ability implication of villages and towns from the perspectives of potential, support and resilience, this study establishes the evaluation framework and evaluation models. Meanwhile the study takes 25 towns in Jiangjin district of Chongqing as research units to quantitatively measure the sustainable development ability of villages and towns in 2017. And then it reveals the spatio-temporal differentiation and accordingly identifies the vulnerabilities types, and proposes targeted regulation strategies. The results shows that: (1) The sustainable development ability of villages and towns is the result of the interaction of potential, support and resilience. (2) On the whole, the potential of villages and towns shows a spatial pattern of " high in the north and low in the south" in Jiangjin; the support of villages and towns shows a spatial pattern of "high in the north and low in the south" in Jiangjin; the resilience of villages and towns shows a spatial pattern of "high in the south and low in the north" in Jiangjin; the sustainable development ability of villages and towns shows a spatial pattern of "high in the southwest, low in the northeast, cluster distribution". (3) We divide the sustainable development ability of villages and towns in Jiangjin into four types, including potential enhancement type, urban-rural integration promotion type, ecological security improvement type and potential-support-resilience ability comprehensive development type. Based on the principle of "ecological priority-classified control-highlight emphasis-local adaptation", the study proposes differentiated sustainable development ability improvement strategies for different types, to guide the sustainable development of villages and towns.

Key words: sustainable development ability of villages and towns, spatial distribution, type division, differentiated regulation, Jiangjin district of Chongqing