自然资源学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1526-1537.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2013.09.008

• 资源生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于农户意愿的矿区耕地损害补偿测度研究——以庞庄、垞城、柳新煤矿开采为例

李效顺1,2, 林忆南1,3, 刘泗斐1, 曲福田2, 王辉1, 汪应宏1   

  1. 1. 中国矿业大学 国土环境与灾害监测国家测绘局重点实验室, 江苏 徐州 221116;
    2. 南京农业大学 中国土地问题研究中心, 南京 210095;
    3. 南京大学 地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2012-02-13 修回日期:2013-01-14 出版日期:2013-09-20 发布日期:2013-09-20
  • 作者简介:李效顺(1983- ),男,博士后,副教授,主要研究土地经济与政策。E-mail:lixiaoshun1983@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年、重点项目(71103182,70833001);国家社科基金重大项目(09&ZD046);中国博士后面上一等资助基金(2011M500098,2013T60577);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金和高层次人才引进及启航计划项目(2011QNA01);江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目(SZBF2011-6-B35);大学生实践创新创业训练计划项目(S111029019,201210290063)。

Measurement of Cultivated Land Compensation in Mining Areas Based on the Willingness of Farmers—Taking Coal Mining in Pangzhuang, Chacheng and Liuxin as Examples

LI Xiao-shun1,2, LIN Yi-nan1,3, LIU Si-fei1, QU Fu-tian2, WANG Hui1, WANG Ying-hong1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Land Environment and Disaster Monitoring of SBSM, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China;
    2. China Land Problem Research Center, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
    3. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2012-02-13 Revised:2013-01-14 Online:2013-09-20 Published:2013-09-20
  • Contact: 曲福田,教授,博导,研究方向为土地经济与管理。

摘要: 矿产资源的开发利用,在支撑社会经济发展的同时却带来区域资源生态环境的破坏,尤其是矿区农户承担着较大的外部成本。论文以矿区耕地损害为研究对象,在调查农户认知和接受补偿意愿的基础上,通过构建计量模型,测算基于农户意愿下的补偿额度。结果表明:①调查结果显示,69.19%的农户因煤矿开采失去一部分耕地,49.19%的农户表示耕地质量降低,95.14%的农户认为居住环境遭到破坏,93.51%的农户认为采矿破坏了耕种文化传承;②实证结果表明,庞庄、垞城、柳新煤矿周边农户每年接受最低补偿分别为34 780.80、36 506.85和35 397.60元/hm2,其中经济损害受偿意愿分别为12 731.10、18 982.80、11 230.95元/(hm2·a),社会保障损害受偿意愿分别为11 782.35、10 777.95、12 765.00元/(hm2·a),生态损害受偿意愿分别为7 277.10、4 282.35、7 306.05元/(hm2·a),文化传承损害受偿意愿分别为2 990.25、2 463.75和4 095.6元/(hm2·a);③对比分析发现,当前政策下矿区耕地损害补偿额度一般在9 458.70~15 764.40元/(hm2·a)之间,明显低于基于农户意愿下的补偿额度,并且56.76%的农户表示不接受一次性补偿。以上结果能够为矿区生态补偿和政策创新提供决策依据和定量参考。

关键词: 土地管理, 农户意愿, 矿区耕地, 补偿测度

Abstract: Exploitation and utilization of mineral resources aim for sustainable socio-economic development, but at the same time, they also lead to destruction of regional resources and eco-environment. Farmers in mining areas especially bear a larger amount of external cost. This paper, taking land damage in mining areas as research object, calculates the compensation amount on the basis of farmers' willingness by establishing the econometric model based on investigation of farmers' cognition and acceptance of compensation willingness. The results show that: firstly, investigation results reveal that 69.19% of the farmers lose part of farmland due to coal mining, 49.19% of the farmers think that quality of the farmland has reduced, 95.14% of the farmers think that living environment has been destroyed, 93.51% of the farmers' opinion is mining destroyed inheritance of farming culture. Secondly, the invalidation results show that, farmers around Pangzhuang, Chacheng and Liuxin coal mining areas receive yearly minimum compensation respectively for 34780.80, 36506.85 and 35397.60 yuan/hm2; compensation willingness of economic damage is 12731.10, 18982.80 and 11230.95 yuan/(hm2·a); compensation willingness of social security damage is 11782.35, 10777.95 and 12765.00 yuan/(hm2·a); compensation willingness of ecological damage is 7277.10, 4282.35 and 7306.05 yuan/(hm2·a); and compensation willingness of cultural inheritance damage is 2990.25, 2463.75 and 4095.6 yuan/(hm2·a). Thirdly, comparison analysis finds that, the current policy for mining area land damage compensation in general is between 9 458.70-15 764.40 yuan/(hm2·a), which is significantly lower than that of the compensation based on willingness of farmers, and 56.76% of the farmers do not accept disposable compensation. The above results can provide basis for decision-making and quantitative reference for ecological compensation and policy innovation in the mining areas.

Key words: land management, cultivated land in mining area, willingness of farmers, compensation measurement

中图分类号: 

  • F323.211