自然资源学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (2): 240-245.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2002.02.018

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

西藏阿里地区的林业资源及其发展方向探讨

邓坤枚   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-06-25 修回日期:2001-10-16 出版日期:2002-04-25 发布日期:2002-04-25
  • 作者简介:邓坤枚(1953~),男,广东封开人,副研究员,1978年毕业于北京林业大学林业系林业专业,主要从 事林业资源生态和森林经理学以及林业遥感等方面的研究工作,已发表论文30余篇,参编专著8部。

Probing into the development direction and forest resources in Ngari prefecture of Tibet

DENG Kun-mei   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101,China
  • Received:2001-06-25 Revised:2001-10-16 Online:2002-04-25 Published:2002-04-25

摘要: 该文对西藏阿里地区林业资源的类型、数量、质量特征和生产现状进行了深入分析,同时,探讨了该地区林业生产存在的“资源结构简单、后续资源极端贫乏;资源分布不均,水平和垂直分异突出;宜林荒山荒地资源面积大,造林任务艰巨、生态环境破坏严重”等主要问题,提出了如下的对策和建议:①健全林业行政管理体制,加强林业资源管理;②节省薪柴,保护生态环境;③实行林地承包制,大力兴办林业;④加强林业科技投入,以科技兴林,走林业可持续发展之路。

关键词: 西藏阿里地区, 林业资源, 发展方向

Abstract: This paper gives an indepth analysis of the types,quantity and quality and current situation of exploitation and production of forest resources of Ngari prefecture in Tibet.It also exlores the existing problems in forestry production such as single resources structure,poor in re-served resources,backward management in production;uneven distribution of forest resources;prominent differentiation in horizontal and vertical distribution;and vast expanse of wasteland and barren mountains resources suitable for forestry resulting in difficulties in afforestation and serious damage of eco-environment.On the basis of the above discussions,the following counter-measures are identified as:(a)to perfect forestry institutional and management system and strengthen forest resources management;(b)to economize fuel forest and protect eco-environment;(c)to put into effect forestland contract system and energetically develop forestry;and(d)to in-crease scientific and technical input ,promote forestry with science and technology and take the road towards sustainable forestry development.

Key words: forestry resources, developing direction, Ngari prefecture, Tibet