自然资源学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (2): 216-220.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2002.02.014

• 学术研讨 • 上一篇    下一篇

西部地区植被恢复重建中几个问题的思考

于贵瑞, 谢高地, 王秋凤, 牛栋   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-08-03 修回日期:2001-11-29 出版日期:2002-04-25 发布日期:2002-04-25
  • 作者简介:于贵瑞(1959~),男,辽宁大连人,研究员,博士,主要研究方向为生态系统管理和植物生理生态。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程所长基金项目(SJOG-C00-01);中国科学院“百人计划”项目资助

Considerations to some issues on vegetation rehabilitation in western China

YU Gui-rui, XIE Gao-di, WANG Qiu-feng, NIU Dong   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101,China
  • Received:2001-08-03 Revised:2001-11-29 Online:2002-04-25 Published:2002-04-25

摘要: 以退耕还林还草为主体的西部地区植被恢复重建是一项复杂的生态—经济复合系统工程,必须以水热等气候因子所决定的植被生物地带性为科学依据,以国家调控下的区域间互补的市场经济机制为运作体系,必须在建立长期稳定的经济补偿机制的同时,建立长期稳定的政策和法律保障体系。为此,该文讨论了西部地区自然植被的地理格局、适度的退耕规模和退耕后的植被恢复重建、植被恢复工程的环境服务功能产出、生态产业与经济补偿机制、天然植被的保护和改良等科学问题,指出了退耕还林还草试点工程中所存在的一些错误认识和不良倾向。

关键词: 西部地区, 植被恢复重建, 植被生物地带性, 环境服务功能, 生态产业, 经济补偿机制

Abstract: Because vegetation rehabilitation in western China centered on returning farmland to forest or grassland is a complicated eco-economic system engineering,we must establish a long-term steady policy and law insurance system while establishing a long-term steady economic compensation mechanism,which should be based on biological zone of vegetation determined by climatic elements such as water and heat,driven by market economic mechanism of regional complementation under national control.To this end,we discussed several scientific issues which include the geographical pattern of natural vegetation in western China,moderate returning size and rehabilitation technology after returning,environmental service function output of vegetation restoration engineering,ecological industry and economic compensation mechanism,and the pro-tection and improvement of natural vegetation as well.At the same time,we pointed out some er-roneous understandings and ill tendencies in the pilot project of returning farmland to forest or grassland.

Key words: western China, vegetation restoration, biological zone of vegetation, environmental service function, ecological industry, economic compensation mechanism