自然资源学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (2): 162-167.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2002.02.006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国矿产资源持续开发与区域开发战略调整

张雷   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-10-22 修回日期:2001-12-17 出版日期:2002-04-25 发布日期:2002-04-25
  • 作者简介:张雷(1951~),男,北京市人,研究员,理学博士,博导,发表文章60余篇,出版专著2部、合著15部。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(49871023)资助

Mineral sustainable supply and its spatial reorganization in China

ZHANG Lei   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing100101
  • Received:2001-10-22 Revised:2001-12-17 Online:2002-04-25 Published:2002-04-25

摘要: 为完成预定的工业化发展目标,21世纪中国矿产资源的消费总量和结构将呈现持续增长和重大转变。从矿产资源持续开发的角度出发,中国不仅努力加强自身供应保障能力的建设,而且也要努力进行资源开发的区域开发调整。考虑到有限的矿产资源基础和脆弱的生态环境,中国矿产资源持续开发的基本模式可以考虑为:结构改善+技术进步+资源国际化+环保意识增强。相应地,区域开发调整模式则为:充分开放东部,积极稳定中部,适度开发西部。

关键词: 矿产资源持续开发, 区域开发, 战略调整, 基本开发模式

Abstract: It is certain that the total demand and structure of mineral consumption in China are going up and changed as the country pursues the target of industrialization constantly.In order to meet the above needs and to release the intensity of man-land relationship in country,it is pro-posed in this paper that China should reconsider its traditional development policy which stress-es mainly on domestic source for the growing supply.It suggests that a basic model of mineral sustainable exploitation of China in the21st century can be described as an equation of an ad-vanced structure,a modern technology,a globalized resource supply and an intensified environ-mental protection.It also argues that a basic model of spatial reorganization for regional mineral supply can be titled of like"opened-up the east entirely,stabilized the middle China greatly and exploited the west properly".

Key words: mineral sustainable supply, spatial reorganization, basic development model