自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 172-178.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.02.012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源科学的学科体系——关于资源科学学科建设的研讨

沈长江   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-07-24 修回日期:2000-11-27 出版日期:2001-04-25 发布日期:2001-04-25
  • 作者简介:沈长江(1933-),男,江苏南京人,研究员,研究方向为家畜生态学、畜牧地理学、畜禽品种资源与保种、 生物资源开发利用、生态农牧业,发表中英文论著130余篇、册,获省部级以上奖励14次,其中一等奖5次及1992年国务院的政府特殊津贴。E2mail:cjshen@public3.bta.net.cn。原工作单位为中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会。

Disciplinary system of resources science——On the study of disciplinary construction of resources science

SHEN Chang Jiang   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2000-07-24 Revised:2000-11-27 Online:2001-04-25 Published:2001-04-25

摘要: 作者认为当代全球日趋严重的资源问题,尤其自然资源方面的问题,重要原因之一是缺乏具有整体理念的现代资源科学理论的引导。因此,发展与建设综合性的现代资源科学的学科群,具有理论与实践的双重意义。为此,作者在阐明什么是资源科学的基础上,对资源科学及其三维网络结构的学科体系进行了探讨,即资源科学包括总论、各论及区域分论三大部分,它们组成资源科学完整的学科体系,并派生出众多的分支学科,构成综合的现代资源科学的学科群。从而为发展资源科学,改进资源管理及改革资源科学教育提供依据。

关键词: 资源科学, 学科群, 学科体系

Abstract: The author considers that the global problems of resources,especially of the natural resources are serious becoming more and more.One of the important reasons is lack of the holistic concepts and the philosophical ideas of the comprehensive Resources Science.For this reason,modern Resources Science must be developed and constructed,which has dual significance of theory and practice.From this point of view,the author has studied and discussed that what is the Resources Science and what is the disciplinary system of Resources Science.The“three dimensional network structure " disciplinary system has been discussed.The three dimensions are expressed as three parts of Resources Sciencse:General Principles,Individual Resource Branches and Regional Branches,respectively.This multi disciplinary system is a comprehensive disciplinary group of Resources Science,including Natural Resources Science.The knowledge of these disciplines can provide the scientific basis for improvewent of resources management and reform of education for Resources Science.

Key words: resources science, disciplinary group, disciplinary system

中图分类号: 

  • P96