自然资源学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 161-165.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2001.02.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄土高原地区小麦生产潜力模拟研究

李军1,2, 王立祥1, 邵明安2, 樊廷录3   

  1. 1. 西北农林科技大学农学院, 陕西杨凌 712100;
    2. 中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西杨凌 712100;
    3. 甘肃省农业科学院旱作农业研究所, 甘肃兰州 730070
  • 收稿日期:2000-05-17 修回日期:2000-08-18 出版日期:2001-04-25 发布日期:2001-04-25
  • 作者简介:李军(1964-)男,甘肃泾川人,副教授,博士,现在中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所黄土高原土 壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室博士后流动站工作,主要研究方向为农业资源开发与高效耕作制度。
  • 基金资助:

    国家“九五”科技攻关专题(96-004-04-09);UNDPCPR91/114项目资助

Simulation of wheat potential productivity on Loess Plateau region of China

LI Jun1,2, 1, WANG Li xiang2, SHAO Ming an3   

  1. 1. College of Agronomy, Northwest Sci Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling 712100, China;
    2. State Key Lab.of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Reso urces, Yangling 712100, China;

    3. Dry land Far ming Instit ute, Gansu Academy of Agricult ural Sciences, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2000-05-17 Revised:2000-08-18 Online:2001-04-25 Published:2001-04-25

摘要: 分析了作物生产潜力常规研究方法的不足,探讨了作物生长模型模拟方法的优势,在模型验证和气象、土壤和作物数据库组建的基础上,应用DSSAT3中的CERES小麦模型模拟研究了黄土高原地区28个代表点冬小麦和春小麦的光温生产潜力和气候生产潜力,统计计算了各点小麦产量潜力多年平均值、标准差、最高值和最低值,分析了潜力值年际变异与地区分布差异,并计算了小麦的水分满足率。黄土高原冬小麦光温生产潜力、气候生产潜力和水分满足率分别为7970~8647kg/hm2、2219~7545kg/hm2和0.278~0.872,春小麦分别为7436~9127kg/hm2、0~7598kg/hm2和0.192~0.961。

关键词: 黄土高原, 小麦, 生产潜力, CERES小麦模型, 小麦产量模拟

Abstract: The shortcomings of traditional research method on crop productive potential were analyzed,and advantages of crop growth modeling on the field were proposed.Based on model validation and establishment of weather,soil and crop parameter database,the CERES wheat model of DSSAT3 was used to simulate wheat thermal potential productivity (TPP) and climate potential productivity (CPP) of 28 sites on the Loess Plateau region.The mean yield,yield standard deviation,maximum yield and minimum yield of wheat TPP and CPP were calculated for each site.The annual and locational changes of TPP and CPP were analyzed,and water content ratio (WCR,WCR=CPP/TPP) was calculated.The values of TPP,CPP and WCR of winter wheat on Loess Plateau are 7,970~8,647kg/ha,2,219~7,545kg/ha and 0.278~0.872 separately.And values of TPP,CPP and WCR of spring wheat in the region are 7,436~9,127kg/ha,0~7,598kg/ha and 0.192~0.961 respectively.

Key words: Loess Plateau, wheat, potential productivity, CERES wheat model, yield simulation

中图分类号: 

  • S126