自然资源学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 189-193.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2000.02.019

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

雨水资源集蓄利用研究综述

刘小勇, 吴普特   

  1. 中国科学院、水利部水土保持研究所陕西杨陵712100
  • 收稿日期:1999-07-07 修回日期:1999-11-13 出版日期:2000-06-25 发布日期:2000-06-25
  • 作者简介:刘小勇(1976-),男,甘肃天水人,1997年毕业于西北林学院,获学士学位,现为水土保持研究所研 究生,研究方向为降雨地表径流调控与高效利用。
  • 基金资助:

    国家“九五”科技攻关“节水农业技术研究与示范”(96-006-02-04);国家杨陵农业高新技术产业示范区科技专项资助

Review of the study on rainwater catchment and utilization

LIU Xiaoyong,WU Pute   

  1. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China
  • Received:1999-07-07 Revised:1999-11-13 Online:2000-06-25 Published:2000-06-25

摘要: 由于干旱、人口增长、地表水地下水污染等问题 ,人们对雨水资源的开发利用产生了极大的兴趣并进行了广泛的研究 ,而且已初步显示出雨水资源开发利用的巨大潜力。文中对雨水的汇集、蓄存、利用技术,雨水利用对区域环境的影响,雨水资源的评价,雨水利用的效益评估等方面的最新研究进行了全面的分析总结 ,同时 ,提出了目前研究中亟待解决的问题。

关键词: 雨水汇集, 雨水利用, 区域环境, 雨水资源评价, 效益评估

Abstract: Because of drought,population growth,contamination of surface water and groundwater,people have become interested in exploration and utilization of rainwater resource.And then extensive studies were carried out and greet potential displayed initially.The authors analyzed and summarized the recent development of rainwater catchment and utilization,covering the following aspects: the techniques of rainwater harvesting,storage and utilization,influence of rainwater utilization on regional environment,evaluation of rainwater resource and estimation of benefits from rainwater utilization.At the same time,the pressing problems that must be resolved at present were put forward.

Key words: rainwater harvesting, rainwater utilization, regional environment, rainwater resource evaluation, benefits estimation