自然资源学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 184-188.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2000.02.018

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论窖灌农业中水窖的配置模式与窖水高效利用技术

蒋定生   

  1. 中国科学院、水利部水土保持研究所,陕西杨陵712100
  • 收稿日期:1999-04-19 修回日期:1999-08-16 出版日期:2000-06-25 发布日期:2000-06-25
  • 作者简介:蒋定生(1936-),男,湖南邵乐人,研究员,中国科学院有突出贡献专家,主要从事水土保持工程与节水 灌溉技术研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家“九五”科技攻关项目,(96-006-02-04)资助

Discussion on cellar disposition model of cellar irrigated agriculture and it's high efficient utilization

JIANG Dingsheng   

  1. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China
  • Received:1999-04-19 Revised:1999-08-16 Online:2000-06-25 Published:2000-06-25

摘要: 针对黄土高原蓬勃发展的窖灌农业 ,提出3种水窖配置模式 :峁顶光头式 ;路旁葡萄串式和场、院、凹地单点式。为了高效利用水窖集蓄的雨水资源 ,文中推荐自压微灌、外动力加压微灌、坑灌和水肥穴灌等4种窖水高效利用技术。

关键词: 窖灌农业, 水窖, 配置模式, 微灌

Abstract: In accordance with rapidly developed cellar irrigated agriculture on Loess Plateau,three cellar disposition models,i.e.cellars on hill tops,“grape bunch" pattern of cellars along the road and cellars distributed in field,yard and concave land,were put forward.In order to increase utilization efficiency of rain water resource collected by cellars,four high efficient utilization techniques,namely,automatic pressure micro irrigation,pump driven external pressure micro irrigation,pit irrigation and water manure cave irrigation were recommended.

Key words: cellar irrigated agriculture, water cellar, disposition model, micro irrigation