自然资源学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 138-142.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2000.02.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

河南省土壤库中钾养分资源状况的研究

李贵宝1, 尹澄清1, 孙克刚2, 焦有2, 白乐高2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心环境水化学国家重点实验室,北京100085;
    2. 河南省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所,河南郑州450002
  • 收稿日期:1999-07-06 修回日期:1999-10-10 出版日期:2000-06-25 发布日期:2000-06-25
  • 作者简介:李贵宝(1963-),男,山西方山人,副研究员,博士后。主要从事养分资源管理与废弃物的资源化研 究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    中国—加拿大钾肥农学合作三期项目;中国科学院资源与生态环境项目,(KZ951-B1-208)

Study on change of soil potassium resources in Henan Province

LI Guibao1, YIN Chengqing1, SUN Kegang2, JIAO You2, BAI Legao2   

  1. 1. State Key Lab.of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry,Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences,CAS,Beijing 100085,China;
    2. Soil and Fertilizer Institute,Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Zhengzhou 450002,China
  • Received:1999-07-06 Revised:1999-10-10 Online:2000-06-25 Published:2000-06-25

摘要: 通过对河南省1995年取得的1130个土样进行了土壤全钾、速效钾和缓效钾的测定 ,并同第二次土壤普查 (1985年 )的结果进行了比较。表明河南省土壤速效钾含量平均为102 6mg/kg,与第二次土壤普查相比下降了30 4mg/kg,年平均下降3 04mg/kg;以豫东区土壤速效钾含量下降最多 ,为46 5 % ,豫中区下降最少 ,仅为6 8 %。土壤缓效钾含量低的仅为177 5mg/kg,高的达2553mg/kg,平均为863mg/kg。土壤全钾平均含量为17 2g/kg,也下降了10 4 % ;下降幅度最大的为潮土达16 9 % ,褐土下降最低为0 5 %。

关键词: 河南省, 土壤, 钾素资源

Abstract: Soil total potassium,readily available potassium and slow release potassium were determined by analyzing 1130 soil samples taken recently and were compared with the determinations of the National Second Soil Survey during 1985.Results showed that soil available potassium content was 102 6mg/kg,an annual average decrease by 3 04mg/kg;the average content of slow release potassium was 863mg/kg,ranging from 177 5mg/kg to 2553mg/kg; the average content of total potassium was 17 2g/kg,decrease by 10 4%,ranging from 16 9% for Shajiang black soil to 0 5% for cinnamon soil.

Key words: Henan province, soil potassium, resources