自然资源学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 117-122.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.2000.02.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

土地利用改造规划的多因子空间分析

陈崇成1, 涂平1, 黄绚2, 李军2   

  1. 1. 福州大学环境与资源工程系,福建福州350002;
    2. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1999-06-15 修回日期:1999-09-20 出版日期:2000-06-25 发布日期:2000-06-25
  • 作者简介:陈崇成(1968-),男,福建人,讲师,在职博士生,研究方向为资源与环境信息工程。
  • 基金资助:

    国家“九五”重中之重科技攻关项目子专题,(96-B02-01-07-07)

Multifactor spatial analysis for land use transformation planning

CHEN Chongcheng1, TU Ping1, HUANG Xuan2, LI Jun2   

  1. 1. Dept.of Environmental and Resource Engineering,Fuzhou University,Fuzhou 350002,China;
    2. LREIS,Institute of Geography,CAS,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:1999-06-15 Revised:1999-09-20 Online:2000-06-25 Published:2000-06-25

摘要: 以福清市土地利用分布为例 ,在完成土地利用状况和土地适宜性参评因子空间数据库基础上 ,集成土地适宜性综合指数模型和地块紧凑度模型 ,开发了基于地理信息系统的土地适宜性评价和土地利用控制决策支持系统。通过土地适宜性多因子空间分析 ,模拟大农业 (耕地、林地、园地 )各目标用地条件下各地块土地使用适宜度 ,并结合土地利用现状 ,得到单目标土地改造方案 ;再经模型优化和综合比较得出多目标土地利用改造规划可选方案。计算结果表明 ,福清市土地资源中开发改造为新耕地的潜力极有限 ,而用于开发改造新林地和园地的土地尚有226 80km2 和36 34km2 ,为福清市土地利用改造规划和总体规划的制定和调整提供了定量依据。

关键词: 土地适宜性评价, 土地改造规划, 地理信息系统, 综合指数模型, 地块紧凑度模型

Abstract: A land suitability assessment and land use control decision making support system used as a spatial analysis tool to Fuqing City was developed based on GIS which was an integration of comprehensive index model with parcel compactness model through creating geospatial database for land use distribution and land suitabi lity controlling factors. After multifactor spatial analysis on land suitability has been operated and land use suitabilities under the conditions of objective land uses of interest (especially for pan agricultural landuse such as cultivated land,forestry,orchard) have been simulated,the unique objective land use planning was proposed associated with current land use pattern in Fuqing;and the optimal multi objective land use planning scenario was presented through comprehensive comparison analysis on land use multi utilities. It was concluded that there is no more potential land in Fuqing for arable land,but about 340,100 and 50,000 acres are left for new forest and new orchard which can provide numerical parameters for creation of land use transformation and overall planning.

Key words: land suitability assessment, land use transformation planning, Geographical Information System, Comprehensive Index Model, Parcel Compactness Model