自然资源学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (3): 238-244.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.03.008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

若尔盖高原湿地生物多样性保护及其可持续利用

何池全, 赵魁义   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所湿地环境开放实验室, 吉林长春 130021
  • 收稿日期:1998-11-09 修回日期:1999-02-01 出版日期:1999-09-25 发布日期:1999-09-25
  • 作者简介:何池全,男,1968年1月出生,1996年毕业于南昌大学生物科学工程系,并获理学硕士学位,目前是中 国科学院长春地理研究所环境科学专业的在读博士生,主要研究方向为:湿地生态过程、植物化感效应和湿 地生物多样性及其保护生物学研究。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院“湖沼二期”特别支持项目资助,中国科学院长春地理研究所湿地环境开放实验室基金

THE CONSERVATION OF WETLANDS BIODIVERSITIES AND THEIR SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION IN ROIGE PLATEAU

HE Chi quan, ZHAO Kui yi   

  1. Wetland Environment Open Laboratory, Changchun Institute of Geography, CAS, Changchun 130021
  • Received:1998-11-09 Revised:1999-02-01 Online:1999-09-25 Published:1999-09-25

摘要: 论述了川西北高寒湿地的自然概况及其形成原因,分析该区湿地的主要生物多样性价值,分布有具有世界意义的特有物种(黑颈鹤)和珍稀濒危物种,并且还分布有许多具有重要经济意义和具有科学研究价值的物种,但近几年来,人类活动的频繁干扰,如泥炭开采、过度放牧而破坏植被,再加上本区气候因素的特殊性,局部地区已引起沙化,使本区的生物多样性减少。由此而提出相应的生物多样性保护和可持续利用对策:协调人类活动与生物多样性保护的关系;严控载畜量,发展人工草场;发挥本地优势,利用泥炭治沙;建立湿地自然保护区;加强湿地立法

关键词: 若尔盖高原, 生物多样性, 湿地保护, 泥炭治沙, 对策

Abstract: The natural conditions and contributing factors of alpine wetland in northwest Sichuan are discussed in this paper.The main biodiversity value of wetlands in this region,such as having peculiar species of the world i.e.Grus nigricollis and some rare endangered species,and having many species of important economic and scientific research significance,is analyzed.Recently,human activities,such as peatland exploitation and overgrazing,which have done great damage to vegetation and caused changes in soil physical chemical quality,and the speciality of the climate that have caused sandification in some parts of the region,all resulting in decrease in biodiversities.Finally,some countermeasures for the protection and sustainable utilization of biodiversities are put forward such as(a)to coordinate the relation between human activities and protection of wetland biodiversities;(b)to strictly control carrying capacity of livestock and expand man made grassland;(c)to establish nature reserves of mire wetland in the plateau; and (d)to utilize the peatland which is the dominant resource in this region to control sandification and work out legislations on biodiversity conservation in mire wetlands.

Key words: Roige plateau, biodiversity, wetlands protection, peatland utilization sandification, countermeasure

中图分类号: 

  • Q143 P931.7