自然资源学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (3): 232-237.doi: 10.11849/zrzyxb.1999.03.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

三峡库区药用植物资源特征及其保护对策

谢宗强, 陈伟烈   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所, 北京 100093
  • 收稿日期:1998-11-16 修回日期:1999-01-12 出版日期:1999-09-25 发布日期:1999-09-25
  • 作者简介:谢宗强,男,1965年1月出生。1996年毕业于中国科学院植物研究所,获博士学位。发表论文30篇,现 从事保护生物学和森林生态系统的研究。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院重大项目,中国科学院攻关项目

CHARACTERISTICS AND CONSERVATION STRATEGIES FORTHE MEDICINAL PLANT RESOURCES IN THE THREEGORGES RESERVOIR AREA

XIE Zong qiang, CHEN Wei lie   

  1. Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:1998-11-16 Revised:1999-01-12 Online:1999-09-25 Published:1999-09-25

摘要: 三峡库区共有药用植物1129种,隶属于603属,174科。菊科、百合科、蝶形花科等19个大科的种数达总种数的494%,蓼属、铁线莲属等26个大属的种数达185%。中国特有种类占372%,显示出其在库区的丰富性。根茎类药用植物占421%,提示我们应适度采挖,做到永续利用。以林地为生境的药用植物占489%,表明森林是库区药用植物的资源库。三峡水库对库区药用植物资源的淹没损失不大,但其间接影响巨大。保护天然林是保护库区药用植物资源的重要途径。

关键词: 三峡库区, 药用植物, 资源, 保护对策

Abstract: Some 1 129 species of medicinal plants belonging to 603 genera and 174 families were found in the Three Gorges Reservoir area.Of which 19 families such as Compositae,Liliaceae,Papilionaceae made up 49.4% of the total species,26 generaincluding Polygonum,Clematis,etc.occupied 18.5%,and 37.2% of them were endemic to China,reflecting the fichness of Chinese medical materials in this region.The plants using rhizomes as medicinal materials accounted for 42.1% of the total species,warning us that moderate collection is necessary for the purpose of sustainable utilization.The ratio of the species living in forests to the total was 48.9%,suggesting that forests were the resources pools of medicinal plants in the studied area.The indirect impacts of the Three Gorges Project on the medicinal plants were serious though the resources loss due to the submerge was not very high.Conservation of natural forests was the main way to preserve the medicinal plant resources in the Three Gorges Reservoir area.

Key words: the Three Gorges Reservoir area, medicinal plants, resources, conservation strategies

中图分类号: 

  • R931.2